®
The Essential Magazine of Astronomy

Name Index to Sky & Telescope

Vol. 1., No. 1 (Nov. 1941) to Vol. 108, No. 6 (December 2004)

Compiled by Kevin Krisciunas

Texas A & M University, Department of Physics, College Station, Texas.
E-mail: krisciunas@physics.tamu.edu;

For a Belorussian version of this index by Marina Dmitrieva, click here .

For a German version of this index by Marina Dmitrieva, click here .

For a French version of this index by Kate Bondareva, click here .

Skip introduction and go directly to index.

Please note: Kevin Krisciunas does not run a photocopy service. Many libraries have Sky and Telescope magazine back to volume 1 and photocopy services. So, please try to find the articles at your end. Thanks for your consideration!

How many times have you leafed through dozens of issues of Sky & Telescope because you are certain that there was an article about some astronomer in it? This index should save you some time, but it is not intended to be an all-encompassing document. I first began working on it from my own issues (Sep. 1965 onward) in order to fill out the name index for a book. I was primarily interested in references to articles that listed birth and death dates. When I went back to complete the index back to Vol. 1, No. 1, I decided to include information of a more general nature. Of course it is not possible (or necessary) to include all the references to astronomers such as Galileo, Kepler, or even Henry Norris Russell, but how else are you going to find a reference to Dr. G. Waltemath or to the astronomical pirate, Basil Ringrose?

As a great deal of biographical information is contained in the column "Astronomical Scrapbook," I give in the Appendix a list of all of those titles. The principal article about women in pre-20th century astronomy is in Nov. 1954, pp. 7-9. Note: In some cases the birth dates will be off by a year because S&T says that a particular person died at some age, rather than explicitly giving the person's birth and death dates. Some of these cases are indicated by the age at which the person died, listed after the assumed dates of birth and death. I suggest that you double-check the dates for any person whose death date corresponds to within a year of the issue of S&T referenced.

As a rule amateur astronomers and planetarium staff are not included. There will be relatively little information found on living astronomers. The oddest exception is for G. Haro, for whom a mistaken obituary was printed when Joe Ashbrook was told over the phone that "Haro..." died, that turning out to be Harold Johnson.

Beginning with Vol. 69 (Jan. 1985) I am including references to observatories. Examples: Leiden Observatory, Space Telescope, Mount Wilson.

The issues before Sep. 1965 were read from microfilm, which is harder to read carefully. This may make for some missing or incorrect information (e.g., sometimes it is hard to distinguish a "4" from a "1").

Other sources of biographical information in the magazine which were not exhaustively indexed are:

If you are looking for biographical information on some astronomer, try these reference sources: Using these sources would be the fastest means by which to find out something about the famous scientists. This index should facilitate locating information about the more obscure personages. In any case, beware of using this index as a reference source in itself. The birth dates may be off by one year, as explained above. I may have copied or typed the information incorrectly. So use this index and locate the issue of Sky & Telescope to get the most accurate information. Some information not obtained directly from Sky & Telescope is enclosed in square brackets.

Usage note: Names beginning with "Van", "van der" or "van den" are listed in the V's, but those just beginning with "van" (like van Rhijn) are listed under the second part of the surname.

I would appreciate being informed of errors and obvious omissions in this index. I thank Prof. Fred Rost for having gone through the index in August and September of 2002 and providing updated information on over 70 astronomers. This index was last revised on 13 May 2008. Please address comments to krisciunas@physics.tamu.edu. Thanks!


Use your Web browser's "Find" button to locate the name you're after, or choose a letter to go to the top of that section of the index:

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P R S T U V W Y Z Appendix
     The format for the citations is:
       Month, Year (Vol. #, Issue # of vol.), Page

Note that starting in Jan. 1993 each issue begins with page 1.


A

Aaronson, Marc (1950-1987) Physics Today, Jul 88, 91 Abbot, Charles Greeley (1872-1973) Aug 44 (3,10) 5 Jun 72 (43,6) 352 Feb 74 (47,2) 75 Feb 80 (59,2) 112 Abell, George Ogden (1927-1983) Jan 84 (67,1) 22 Physics Today, Feb 84, p. 76 Abetti, Giorgio (1882-1982) Jan 83 (65,1) 27 Adams, C. E. (1870-1945) New Zealand Jul 71 (42,1) 18 Adams, John Couch (1819-1892) Sep 46 (5,11) 8 Apr 63 (25,4) 224 Sep 96 (92,3) 38 Jul 03 (106,1) 26 Feb 04 (107,2) 82 Adams, Walter S. (1876-1956) Jul 56 (15,9) 401 May 61 (21,5) 271 May 65 (29,5) 283 Feb 76 (51,2) 91 pic Jul 95 (90,1) 87 Airy, George (1801-1892) Jun 64 (27,6) 342 Jul 70 (40,1) 8 Oct 84 (68,4) 301 transit circle Sep 96 (92,3) 38 Aitken, Robert G. (1864-1951) Dec 51 (11,2) 26 Aug 61 (22,2) 77 Jan 76 (51,1) 25 van Albada, G. Bruno (1912-1972) age 60 Mar 73 (45,3) 160 Albrecht, William (1917- ) Jan 99 (97,1) 92 Alcock, George E. D. (1912-2000) Apr 97 (93,4) 65 May 99 (97,5) 84 Mar 02 (103,3) 69 Alden, Harold Lee (1890-1964) Apr 64 (27,4) 203 Alexander, Stephen (1806-1883) Jun 68 (35,6) 367 Alfonso X ([1221]-1284) Mar 85 (69,3) 206 Jun 85 (69,6) 484 Alhazen (al-Haitham) (ca. 965-1039) Jun 62 (23,6) [322] Alter, Dinsmore (1888-1968) Nov 68 (36,5) 293 Ambartsumian, V. A. (1908-1996) Dec 67 (34,6) 373 pic Dec 82 (64,6) 518 interview Oct 89 (78,4) 353 Sep 99 (98,3) 14 Anderson, John A[ugust] (1876-1959) Feb 60 (19,4) 218 polished the 200-inch d'Angos, [Chevalier] (1794-1833) Oct 55 (14,12) 501 Antoniadi, Eugene M. Sep 88 (76,3) 247 Jun 00 (99,6) 112 Apian, Peter (1495-1552) Dec 59 (19,2) 80 May 85 (69,5) 406 Arago, Francois Dominique (1786-1853) Feb 80 (59,2) 104 Aratus of Soli (ca. 315-245 B.C.) Dec 48 (8,2) 38 named constellations (see also Jun 59,424) Oct 86 (72,4) 375 Arbour, Ron Oct 04 (108,4) 112 Archenhold, Friedrich Simon (1861-1939) Jul 84 (68,1) 6 Archinal, Brent A. Nov 99 (98,5) 89 Argelander, Friedrich Wilhelm August (1799-1875) May 45 (4,7) 14 Oct 55 (14,12) 494 Oct 63 (26,4) 204 May 65 (29,5) 276 Apr 80 (59,4) 300-302 pic Dec 84 (68,6) 504 Jun 95 (89,6) 70 Armstrong, Mark Oct 04 (108,4) 111-113 Ashbrook, Joseph (1918-1980) Oct 80 (60,4) 281 Ashe, Steven (1950-2002) age 52 Aug 02 (104,2) 88 Oct 02 (104,4) 75 Atacama Large Millimeter Array (ALMA) Aug 00 (100,2) 18 Atkinson, Robert d'Escourt (1898-1982) May 83 (65,5) 417 Auger, Pierre (cosmic ray induced air showers) Mar 03 (105,3) 34 d'Aurillac, Gerbert (945-1003) Feb 00 (99,2) 38 Auzout, Adrien (1622-1691) Nov 48 (8,1) 7 d'Azambuja, Lucien ( -1970) Sep 70 (40,3) 131

B

Baade, Walter (1893-1960) Apr 59 (18,6) 338 pic Aug 60 (20,2) 76 Oct 64 (28,4) 195 Babcock, Harold Delos (1882-1968) Jun 68 (35,6) 350 Bache, Alexander Dallas (1806-1867) Feb 81 (61,2) 121 Bacon, Roger (1214-1292) Apr 66 (31,4) 218 Baer, Reymers (Ursus) Feb 85 (69,2) 132 Bahcall, John N. [1934-2005] Jan 90 (79,1) 19 interview Bailey, Henry Page (1883-[>1946]) Mar 01 (101,3) 130 Baillaud, Benjamin (1848-1934) Feb 80 (59,2) 107 Baily, Francis (1774-1844) Aug 63 (26,2) 80 May 73 (45,5) 294 Baker, Lonny Jul 99 (98,1) 89 Balanovskii, Innokentii A. (1885- ? ) Oct 89 (78,4) 354-5 Baldet, Fernand (1885-1964) May 65 (29,5) 283 Banachiewicz, Thaddeus T. (1882-1954) Jan 55 (14,3) 101 Jul 64 (28,1) 20 "Observo ergo sum" Banneker, Benjamin (1731-1806) Oct 72 (44,4) 249 Jun 89 (77,6) 583 Jan 03 (105,1) 68 Bappu, M. K. Vainu (1927-1982) Feb 83 (65,2) 137 Barabashov, Nikolai P. (1894-1971) age 77 Jun 71 (41,6) 345 Barnard, Edward Emerson (1857-1923) Feb 55 (14,4) 135 Jun 56 (15,8) 356 Jul 61 (22,1) 14 Jan 76 (51,1) 13 May 79 (57,5) 420 Dec 79 (58,6) 523 Aug 82 (64,2) 124 Sep 82 (64,3) 220 Nov 82 (64,5) 428 Apr 85 (69,4) 377 Jul 87 (74,1) 30 Oct 89 (78,4) 374 Jul 92 (84,1) 23 Feb 96 (91,2) 38 and 54 Apr 99 (97,4) 88 Aug 03 (106,2) 114 pic Barney, Ida (1887-1982) age 95 Jun 82 (63,6) 563 Barry, Roger (1752-1813) Apr 67 (33,4) 228 Barton, Samuel G. (1882-1958) age 76 Oct 58 (17,12) 626 Barton, William Henry, Jr. Aug 44 (3,10) 2 Sep 44 (3,11) 5 Hayden Pl. Bateson, Frank M. Oct 57 (16,12) 573 Jul 62 (24,1) site testing in NZ Oct 63 (26,4) 194 Mercury Nov-Dec 80 (9,6) 162 Jun 82 (63,6) 556 Bathen, Edgar Castro (1956- ) Jan 01 (101, 1) 99 Bauersfeld, Walther (1879-1959) Jan 60 (19,3) 146 invented Zeiss planetarium Oct 65 (30,4) 222 Oct 73 (46,4) 240 Baum-Pluvinel, Count Aymar de (1860-1938) Dec 86 (72,6) 579 Bausch, Edward (1855-1944) age 89 Oct 44 (3,12) 8 Baxendall, Joseph, Sr. (1815-1887) Feb 70 (39,2) 87 Jul 80 (60,1) 21 Bayer, Johann (1572-1625) May 73 (45,5) 292 Sep 03 (106,3) 38 Beals, Carlyle Smith (1899-1979) Sep 79 (58,3) 232 Becklin, Eric Apr 04 (107,4) 50 Beckwith, Steven Nov 03 (106,5) 19 pic Becvar, Antonin (1902-1965) age 63 Mar 65 (29,3) 140 Beggs, James M. Oct 82 (64,4) 332 interview Belopolsky, Aristarkh (1859-1934) Feb 59 (18,4) 198 stamp Sep 61 (22,3) 134 pic May 65 (29,5) 283 Feb 89 (77,2) 158 Bennett, John Caister (1914- ) Jun 91 (81,6) 666 asteroid 4093 Bessel, Friedrich Wilhelm (1784-1846) Jan 42 (1,3) 6 Dec 44 (4,2) 7 Dec 53 (13,2) 43 Dec 56 (16,2) 69 Nov 01 (102,5) 44 Bevis, John (1695-1771) Dec 56 (16,2) 68 Sep 86 (72,3) 220 JHA 03 (34,2) 125 Bidder, George Parker (1806-1878) Nov 77 (54,5) 365 Biesbroeck, see Van Biesbroeck Bird, John (1709-1776) Jul 70 (40,1) 7 Birkeland, Kristian Olaf Bernhard (1867-1917) May 85 (69,5) 389 Birt, William Radcliff (1804-1881) Oct 58 (17,12) 623 Al Biruni (11th cent. A. D.) Aug 60 (20,2) 99 Mar 78 (55,3) 215 pic Blacklock, A. Woolsey May 44 (3,7) 9 Blaeu, Willem Janszoon [1571-1638] Nov 66 (32,5) 278 Apr 85 (69,4) 294 see note below on Tycho Brahe's assistants and coworkers Blair, Gilbert Bruce (1879-1949) Nov 49 (9,1) 9 Blazko, Sergei Nikolaevich (1870-1956) Oct 66 (32,4) 200 Bode, Johann Elert (1747-1826) May 72 (43,5) 280 Bok, Bart J. (1906-1983) Oct 82 (66,4) 303 Feb 94 (97,2) 41 May 94 (87,5) 58 Apr 96 (91,4) 87 Boksenberg, Alec Apr 84 (67,4) 312 Boles, Tom Oct 04 (108,4) 114-117 Bond, George Phillips (d. 1865) Oct 88 (76,4) 417 ghost Bond, William Cranch (1789-1859) Jun 47 (6,8) 3 Jul 50 (9,9) 207 Jul 76 (52,1) 30 Aug 79 (58,2) 116 Jan 81 (61,1) 63 Apr 04 (107,4) 39 Bonestell, Chesley (1888-1986 ) Sep 86 (72,3) 232 Dec 01 (102,6) 73 Jun 03 (105,6) 30 pic Bonney, Charles C. (Congr. of Astr. & Ap., 1893) Sep 78 (56,3) 180 Borel, Pierre (1620-1689) Sep 75 (50,3) 157 Borrelly, Alphonse (1842-1926) Jul 80 (60,1) 21 Boscovich, Roger, S. J. (1711-1787) Jun 57 (16,8) 378 Jan 59 (18,3) 141 Nov 94 (88,5) 94 Boss, Benjamin (1880-1970) Sep 56 (15,11) 484 Dec 70 (40,6) 351 Boss, Lewis (1846-1912) Sep 87 (74,3) 243 Bouvard, Alexis (1767-1843) Feb 80 (59,2) 103 Bowditch, Nathaniel (1773-1838) Oct 42 (1,12) 7 Apr 71 (41,4) 223 pic Jul 76 (52,1) 30 Bowen, Ira Sprague (1898-1973) Apr 73 (45,4) 212 Boyer, Charles Jun 99 (97,6) 57 (clouds of Venus) Bradfield, William (1927- ) Jun 88 (75,6) 597 interview Oct 04 (108,4) 121 Bradley, James (1693-1762) Mar 64 Scientific American (article by A. B. Stewart) Oct 64 (28,4) 193 Jul 70 (40,1) 7 Nov 01 (102,5) 41 Brahe, Sophi[e] [1559-1643], Tycho's sister Nov 54 (14,1) 8 see note below on Tycho Brahe's assistants and coworkers Brahe, Tycho (1546-1601) Dec 46 (6,2) 3 Jan 47 (6,3) 9 Jan 59 (18,3) 140 Mar 60 (19,5) 282 Jun 64 (27,6) 364 Dreyer biog Oct 64 (28,4) 192 Jun 65 (29,6) 353 Feb 74 (47,2) 86 Dec 77 (54,6) 452 Jun 81 (61,6) 476 Aug 82 (64,2) 138 Feb 85 (69,2) 132 (Ursus) Aug 85 (70,2) 110 Feb 92 (83,2) 171 Dec 96 (92,6) 68 Nov 98 (96,5) 69 Note: There is a 130 page biographical dictionary of Tycho's assistants and coworkers in John Robert Christianson's book entitled On Tycho's Island: Tycho Brahe and His Assistants, 1570-1601 (Cambridge Univ. Press, 2000). A brief list includes Willem Blaeu, David Fabricius, Peter Jacobson Flemlos, Johannes Kepler, Simon Marius, Elias Olsen Morsing, Gellius Sascerides, Willebrord Snel, Christian Sorensen (Longomontanus), and Paul Wittich. Nov 01 (102,5) 40 May 03 (105,5) 45 Oct 03 (106,4) 71 Brashear, John A. (1840-1920) Apr 91 (81,4) 432 von Braun, Wernher (1912-1977) age 65 Sep 77 (54,3) 193 Jun 03 (105,6) 30 Sep 04 (108,3) 118 Bredi[k]hin, F[edor] A[leksandrovich] (1831-1904) Feb 59 (18,4) 198 stamp Brenner, Leo (1855-[1928]) (alias of Spiridion Gopcevic) Dec 78 (56,6) 515 Aug 95 (90,2) 100 Brewington, Howard Jun 95 (89,6) 93 Brisbane, General Thomas Makdougall (1773-1860) Dec 92 (84,6) 620 Brooks, William R. (1844-1921) Apr 63 (25,4) 198 Nov 88 (76,5) 581 May 91 (81,5) 476 Dec 96 (92,6) 98 Apr 99 (97,4) 88 Brouwer, Dirk (1902-1966) Mar 66 (31,3) 146 Brun, Antoine (1883-1979) age 96 Jun 79 (57,6) 541 Bruno, Giordano (1548-1600) Apr 42 (1,6) 8 Griffith Observer Dec 55 Feb 61 (21,2) 79 Bunsen, Robert (1811-1899) Jul 81 (62,1) 13 Aug 04 (108,2) 46 Burbidge, Geoffrey Sep 83 (66,3) 195 interview Burke-Gaffney, Rev. Michael Walter, S. J. (1897-1979) age 82 May 79 (57,5) 430 Burney, see Phair Burnham, Sherburne Wesley (1838-1921) May 44 (3,7) 10 Aug 61 (22,2) 76 Apr 70 (39,4) 225 Jun 70 (39,6) 363 Jan 76 (51,1) 12 Burns, Keivin [sic] (1881-1958) age 77 Jul 58 (17,9) 456 Burritt, Elijah Hinsdale (1794-1838) Jan 85 (69,1) 26 Burton, Robert (1577-1640) Feb 67 (33,2) 92

C

Cacciatore, Niccolo (1780-1841) Mar 84 (67,3) 204, 210 Calar Alto Observatory Oct 01 (102,4) 32 Calvin, John (1509-1564) Nov 60 (20,5) 271 ideas of Copernicanism Cameron, Robert C. (1925-1972) age 47 Mar 73 (45,3) 158 Campbell, Leon (1880-1951) age 71 Jul 51 (10,9) 210 Campbell, William Wallace (1862-1938) Aug 61 (22,2) 69 Jun 71 (41,6) 352 Cannon, Annie Jump (1863-1941) Sep 62 (24,3) 128 Aug 64 (28,2) 82 Jan 00 (99,1) 54 Capen, Charles F. (1926-1986) Oct 86 (72,4) 404 Carpenter, Edwin F. ([1898]-1963) Apr 63 (25,4) 209 Carpenter, James (1840-1899) Dec 69 (38,6) 381 see also Nasmyth Carrington, Richard C. (1826-1875) Dec 60 (20,6) 324 Carter, Charles Rooking Jun 82 (63,6) 555 New Zealand Cassini, Jean Dominique I (1625-1712) Cassini, Jacques II (1677-1756) Cassini, Cesar Francois III de Thury (1714-1784) Cassini, Jean Dominique IV (1748-1845) Apr 42 (1,6) 22 Aug 54 (13,10) 333 Feb 65 (29,2) 93 I only May 68 (35,5) 276 I only Feb 80 (59,2) 100 ff. Jul 89 (78,1) 22 IV only Jul 04 (108,1) 33 I and Cassini satellite Castelli, Benedetto (1578-1643) Jul 04 (108,1) 73 Cave, Thomas R., Sr. and Jr. Aug 94 (88,2) 88 Chandra X-ray telescope Mar 99 (97,3) 26 Aug 99 (98,2) 45 Nov 99 (98,5) 16 Feb 00 (99,2) 20 Nov 01 (102,5) 80 Apr 02 (103,4) 18 Chandrasekhar, Subrahmanyan (1910-1995) Nov 44 (4,1) 10 Nov 79 (58,5) 421 pic Feb 82 (63,2) 126 Jan 84 (67,1) 14 Jun 91 (81,6) 611 Nov 95 (90,5) 14 Mar 99 (97,3) 26 (AXAF named after him) Oct 99 (98,4) 79 Chang Yu-Che (1902-1986) May 87 ( 73,4 ) 481 Chang Yuin ( -1958) Mar 59 (18,5) 249 Chant, Clarence Augustus (1865-1956) Feb 57 (16,4) 172 Chapman, Clark R. (1945- ) Feb 01 (101,2) 98 Chappe d'Auteroche, Abbe Jean-Baptiste Feb 04 (107,2) 48-53 Chapman, Sydney (1888-1970) Aug 70 (40,2) 81 Charlemagne Apr 04 (107,4) 87 Chaucer, Geoffrey (ca. 1340-1400) Mar 82 (63,3) 246 astrolabes Apr 89 (77,4) 376 Apr 00 (99,4) 44 Chen, Pei-Kun Jan 03 (105,1) 70 Cheseaux, Jean Philippe Loys de (1718-1751) Mercury Jul-Aug 80 (9,4) 85 Chilean National Astronomical Observatory (1852-1965) Aug 86 (72,2) 143 Chioniades, Gregory (ca. 1240-1320) Jan 03 (105,1) 56 Chladni, Ernst Florenz Friedrich (1756-1827) Jun 53 (12,8) 210 Apr 03 (105,4) 87 Chretien, Henri (1879-1956) Mar 83 (65,3) 222 Christie, W. H. M. (1845-1922) Jun 64 (27,6) 342 Chu-fu (ca. 549 B.C.) solar eclipse observer Oct 79 (58,4) 354 Clairaut, A.-C. (1713-1765) Sep 83 (66,3) 260 Clap, Rev. Thomas (1703-1767) Jun 77 (53,6) 420 Clark, Alvan (1804-1887) Clark, Alvan Graham (1832-1897) Clark, George Bassett (1827-1891) Dec 53 (13,2) 43 Feb 69 (37,2) 74 Oct 73 (46,4) 208 Jan 76 (51,1) 11 May 85 (69,5) 450 Oct 96 (92,4) 55 Clarke, Arthur C. (1917- ) May 01 (101,5) 80 Clausen, Thomas (1801-1885) Nov 77 (54,5) 365 Clemence, Gerald M. (1908-1974) age 66 Apr 75 (49,4) 215 Cleminshaw, Clarence H. (1902-1985) Oct 85 (70,4) 307 Clerke, Agnes Mary (1842-1907) Sep 85 (70,3) 211 Cogshall, Wilbur Adelman (1874-1951) May 52 (11,7) 161 May 71 (41,5) 279 Colacevich, Attilio (1900-1953) age 53 Dec 53 (13,2) 54 Coleman, Sidney Apr 91 (81,4) 365 Collins, Peter Aug 92 (84,2) 199 nova hunter Colombo, Giuseppe (1920-1984) May 84 (67,5) 420 Columbus, Christopher Jan 91 (81,1) 81 Oct 92 (84,4) 419 and 437 (lunar eclipse of 1504) Common, Andrew Ainslee (1841-1903) Jan 78 (55,1) 20 Oct 79 (58,4) 307 Nov 79 (58,5) 400 erratum on spelling Compton gamma-ray satellite Jul 00 (100,1) 48 Comrie, L. J. (1893-1950) Feb 51 (10,4) 82 Conrad, Joseph (1857-1924) Aug 04 (108,2) 130 Cook, Captain James Feb 04 (107,2) 51-52 Jun 04 (107,6) 50, 168 Cooper, E. J. Feb 80 (59,2) 108 Coolidge, Phillip Sidney (d. 1863) Apr 98 (95,4) 71 Copernicus, Nicholas (1473-1543) Apr 43 (2,6) 18 May 43 (2,7) 3, 11 Jan 59 (18,3) 140 Sep 70 (40,3) 162 Jun 72 (43,6) 380 Nov 72 (44,5) 307 Feb 73 (45,2) 71,72 Aug 76 (52,2) 125 review Vistas in Astr., vol. 17 Apr 77 (53,4) 301 Feb 80 (59,2) 148 Cosmic Background Imager Sep 02 (104,3) 18 Couder, Andre (1898-1979) age 81 Jun 79 (57,6) 541 Couderc, Paul (1899-1981) Feb 91 (81,2) 157 Cox, Robert E. (1917-1989) age 72 Mar 90 (79,3) 332 Crabtree, William Feb 04 (107,2) 50 Cragg, Thomas A. (1927- ) Feb 94 (87,2) 101 Craig, John 24-inch refr of 1852 Jul 82 (64,1) 12 Crawford, David Sep 98 (96,3) 90 Croll, James Mar 66 (31,3) 150 Crossley, Edward Oct 79 (58,4) 309 Crull, Harry E. (1909-1972) age 63 Jun 72 (43,6) 352 Cunitz, Maria (1610- ) Nov 54 (14,1) 8 Curtis, Heber Doust (1872-1942) Feb 42 (1,4) 13,15 May 46 (5,7) 15 May 59 (19,7) 399 Nov 79 (58,5) 396 Jan 83 (65,1) 28 Cusanus, Cardinal Nicolas (1401-1464) May 77 (53,5) 356 Cysat, J[ohann] B. [1586-1657] Nov 75 (50,5) 299 early observer of M 42

D

Dakin, Ralph K. (1920-1995) Sep 95 (90,3) 78 Dall, Horace (1901-1986) Oct 86 (72,4 ) 410 Danjon, Andre (1890-1967) Jun 67 (33,6) 347 Aug 67 (34,2) 93 Dase, Johann (1824- ) Nov 77 (54,5) 365 Darwin, Charles (1809-1882) Mar 59 (18,5) 240 da Vinci, see Leonardo da Vinci Dawes, William Rutter (1799-1868) Dec 69 (38,6) 381 see also Nasmyth Jul 73 (46,1) 27 Apr 79 (57,4) 342 see also Wrottesley Feb 83 (65,2) 180 May 85 (69,5) 451 Jul 86 (72,1) 85 Delaplaine, Roy W. (1886-1948) age 62 Apr 48 (7,6) 146 Sproul observer De la Rue, Warren (1815-1889) Apr 04 (107,4) 39 Delaunay, [Charles] Eugene (1816-1872) Feb 80 (59,2) 106 Delisle, Joseph-Nicolas Feb 04 (107,2) 48 Delporte, Eugene J. (1882-1953) Oct 65 (30,4) 222 drew up constellation boundaries Demainbray, Stephen C. T. (1710-1782) Mar 76 (51,3) 163 Denning, William Frederick [1848-1931] Jun 00 (99,6) 109 Sep 04 (108,3) 80 Descartes, Rene (1596-1650) Mar 44 (3,5) 7 de Sitter, Arnout ( -1945?) Feb 46 (5,4) 7 Japanese POW de Sitter, Willem Feb 85 (69,2) 120 Deutsch, Armin J. (1918-1969) Jan 70 (39,1) 33 Dick, Thomas (1774-1857) Feb 00 (99,2) 46 Dictionary of Scientific Biography review of Nov 70 (40,5) 309 1st two vols. Oct 73 (46,4) 246 vol. 7 Diebel, John C. (founded Meade) Jul 00 (100,1) 80 van Dien, Elsa (wife of van Albada) Dimitroff, George Z. (1902-1968) age 66 Feb 68 (35,2) 98 Dirac, Paul Adrien Maurice (1902-1984) Feb 85 (69,2) 107 Dneprovskii, Nikolai I. (1887- ? ) Oct 89 (78,4) 355 Dobson, John (1915- ) Nov 89 (78,5) 530 interview May 91 (81,5) 473 Sep 95 (90,3) 84 May 96 (91,5) 56 Feb 02 (103,2) 72 asteroid Doppler, Christian (1803-1853) Sep 61 (22,3) 132 Drake, Frank Dec 98 ( 96,6) 37 Draper, Henry (1837-1882) Nov 47 (7,1) 8 Sun Yatsen Observatory Nov 80 (60,5) 364-6 Apr 04 (107,4) 41 Draper, John William (1811-1882) Apr 04 (107,4) 38 Dreyer, Johann Louis Emil (1852-1926) Jun 64 (27,2) 364 Aug 82 (64,2) 138 Jan 83 (65,1) 18 Dec 88 (76,6) 621 Nov 03 (106,5) 114 Dryden, Hugh L. (1898-1965) age 67 Jan 66 (31,1) 26 Dufay, Jean (1896-1967) age 71 Feb 68 (35,2) 79 Duhem, Pierre ( -1916) Oct 86 (72,4) 357 Duncan, John C. (1882-1967) Nov 67 (34,5) 283 Dunlap, Mrs. David A. ( -1946) Dec 46 (6,2) 9 patroness Dunlop, James (1793-1848) Jun 01 (101,6) 112 Durer, Albrecht Sep 47 (6,11) 6 Oct 47 (6,12) 12 Dyson, Frank Watson Nov 51 (11,1) 15 9th Astr. Royal

E

Eckert, Wallace J. (1902-1971) Oct 71 (42,4) 207 Edberg, Stephen J. Nov 98 (96,5) 87 Eddington, Arthur Stanley (1882-1944) Jan 45 (4,3) 3 Nov 53 (13,1) 10 Nov 57 (17,1) 32 Mercury Nov-Dec 82 (11,6) 178 Jan 85 (69,1) 36 Edmondson, Frank K. (1912- ) May 71 (41,5) 279 Egede, Hans (1686-1758) Dec 58 (18,2) 85 Eichner, Laurits C. (1894-1967) age 73 Jun 67 (33,6) 355 Einarsson, Sturla (1880-1974) age 94 Jun 74 (47,6) 373 Eimmart, Maria Clara (1676-1707) Nov 54 (14,1) 8 Einstein, Albert (1879-1955) Nov 47 (7,1) 16 Feb 51 (10,4) 96 Jun 55 (14,8) 316 Feb 59 (18,4) 199 Nov 73 (46,5) 319 Jul 75 (50,1) 20 May 79 (57,5) 428 Sep 79 (58,3) 263 Eisinga, Eise (1744-1821) Feb 94 (87,2) 28 Elger, T[homas] G. (1837-1897) May 63 (25,5) 251 Elkin, W. L. (1854-1933) May 65 (29,5) 283 Ellerman, Ferdinand [1869-1940] Dec 85 (70,6) 531 Comet Halley from Oahu, 1910 Ellicott, Andrew (1754-1820) Jul 76 (52,1) 29 Ellison, Mervyn Archdall (1909-1963) age 54 Dec 63 (26,6) 323 Elmer, Charles W. (1872-1954) Mar 55 (14,5) 189 Encke, Johann Franz (1791-1865) Feb 04 (107,2) 54 May 04 (107,5) 34 Ensor, George Edmund (1873-1943) age 70 Oct 43 (2,12) 14 S. African amateur Eratosthenes of Cyrene (284-192 B. C.) Sep 43 (2,11) 7 Jan 03 (105,1) 52 Eropkin, Dmitri I. (1908-1939) Oct 89 (78,4) 353 Erro, Luis Enrique (1897-1955) age 58 Apr 55 (14,6) 238 Esclangon, Ernest (187[6]-1954) May 54 (13,7) 220 Oct 55 (14,12) 495 pic Euler, Leonhard (1707-1783) Jan 59 (18,3) 141 Evans, Rev. Robert O. Jan 84 (67,1) 94 Jul 89 (78,1) 85 Nov 02 (104,5) 62 Oct 04 (108,4) 115 Everhart, Edgar (1920-1990) May 90 (79,5) 559 Evershed, John (1864-1956) Jan 57 (16,3) 116

F

Fabricius, David (1564-1617) Oct 54 (13,12) 414 see note above on Tycho Brahe's assistants and coworkers Fang Lizhi Sep 89 (78,3) 240-1 Farnsworth, Alice (1894-1960) age 66 Nov 60 (20,5) 262 Fauth, Philipp Johann Heinrich (1867-194[1], possibly 1943 or 1944) Nov 59 (19,1) 21 Oct 65 (30,4) 202 Fecker, James Walter ( -1945) Jan 46 (5,3) 7 instrument maker Federer, Charles A. (1909-1999) Dec 99 (98,6) 21 Nov 01 (102,5) 30 Federer, Helen (1911-1983) Nov 01 (102,5) 30 Ferguson, James (1710-1776) Jul 45 (4,9) 10 lunar eclipses Feb 56 (15,4) 169 Mar 76 (51,3) 163 Fermi, Enrico (1901-1950) Mar 03 (105,3) 71 Fernald, Cyrus F. (1901-1979) Mar 80 (59,3) 209 134,582 VSO Fesenkov, Vasilii Grigorevich (1889-1972) May 72 (43,5) 284 Finsen, William S. (1905-1979) Aug 79 (58,2) 137 Fireman, Edward L. (1922-1990) Nov 90 (80,5) 463 Fisher, Clyde (1878-1949) Feb 49 (8,4) 88 Mar 49 (8,5) 111 Fisher, Willard J. (1867-1934) age 67 Mar 77 (53,3) 173 Fitz, Henry (1808-1863) Oct 59 (18,12) 659 Sep 84 (68,3) 214 Feb 98 (95,2) 102 Fitzgibbon, John H. (1819-1882) Apr 04 (107,4) 37 Fitzpatrick, Jesse A. [1880-1945] Aug 45 (4,10) 10 Fizeau, Hippolyte Louis (1819-1896) Mar 44 (3,5) 8 Jul 75 (50,1) 26 Feb 80 (59,2) 104 Flammarion, Camille (1842-1925) May 42 (1,7) 20 Feb 59 (18,4) 199 Feb 63 (25,2) 77 May 77 (53,5) 356 Flammarion, Gabrielle Camille [nee Renaudot] (1876-1962) age 86 Feb 63 (25,2) 77 Flamsteed, Rev. John (1646-1719) Aug 46 (5,10) 12 Aug 63 (26,2) 80 Jul 67 (34,1) 35 Jul 70 (40,1) 4 Sep 75 (50,3) 157 Sep 77 (54,3) 227 Apr 91 (81,4) 380 Jun 96 (91,6) 57 Sep 97 (94,3) 68 Flanders, Ernest V. (1895-1986) age 91 Nov 86 (72,5) 529 Fleenor, George May 00 (99,5) 90 Fludd, Robert (1574-1637) harmony of the spheres Sep 75 (50,3) 147 Focas, J. H. ( -1969) Feb 69 (37,2) 84 Fontana, Francesco (1602?-1656) Aug 54 ( , ) [333] [c. 1585, could be same as mentioned in JBAA, 112, 277 (2002)] Ford, Clinton B. (1913-1992) Apr 93 (85,4) 102 Foster, Don Manuel May 82 (63,5) 446 Foucault, Jean Bernard Leon (1819-1868) Feb 59 (18,4) 199 Jul 75 (50,1) 26 May 82 (63,5) 520 Oct 87 (74,4) 358 Fowler, William A. Jan 84 (67,1) 14 Fox, Philip (1878-1944) Sep 44 (3,11) 2 Adler Planetarium Fraknoi, Andrew (1948- ) Nov 96 (92,5) 96 Franz, Julius (1847-1913) Dec 60 (20,6) 321 Apr 68 (35,4) 215 Apr 69 (37,4) 229 Fraunhofer, Joseph von (1787-1826) Apr 44 (3,6) 8 Mar 51 (10,5) 117 Sep 60 (20,3) 124 Jul 77 (54,1) 49 Mar 89 (77,3) 251 Nov 01 (102,5) 43 Aug 04 (108,2) 45 French, Sue and Alan Feb 03 (105,2) 104 Frend, William (1757-1841) Aug 71 (42,2) 79 Fried, Hans (1893-1945) age 52 Feb 46 (5,4) 22 Fried, Robert Jun 99 (97,6) 94 Braeside Obs. Friedmann, Alexander A. Aug 94 (88,2) 62 Frost, Edwin B. (1866-1935) Nov 59 (19,1) 8 Frost, Robert (1874-1963) Jun 92 (83,6) 692

G

Gabrielson, William (1870-1951) Oct 97 (94,4) 74 Gagan, James W. (1905-1991) Nov 91 (82,5) 551 Gagarin, Yuri Alekseyevich (d. 1968) Apr 86 (71,4) 358 Apr 88 (75,4) 362 Apr 01 (101,4) 86 Galilei, Galileo (1564-1642) Jan 42 (1,3) 3 300 years since death issue Mar 44 (3,5) 7 Nov 51 (11,1) 3 Jul 52 (11,9) 211 Aug 52 (11,10) 246 Jul 54 (13,9) 307 Sep 55 (14,11) 467 de Santillana book Nov 57 (17,1) 31 Jan 59 (18,3) 140 stamp Sep 62 (24,3) 137 Feb 64 (27,2) 72, 99 ff. (400 yr birth anniv) Jan 75 (49,1) 45 Mar 75 (49,3) 175 Jun 77 (53,6) 465 Jan 79 (57,1) 34 Mar 79 (57,3) 222 Apr 79 (57,4) 334 opera Jul 79 (58,1) 63 Nov 80 (60,5) 363 Neptune sighting Feb 82 (63,2) 145 naked eye obs of Ganymede May 84 (67,5) 427 Dec 84 (68,6) 520 Jan 86 (71,1) 43 The Galileo Affair Aug 89 (78,2) 125 Apr 90 (79,4) 384 Mar 93 (85,3) 5 and 32 Vatican admits mistake Dec 94 (88,6) 59 Sep 96 (92,3) 38 more on Neptune Nov 02 (104,5) 64 PBS series Jul 04 (108,1) 73 Galle, Johann Gottfried (1812-1910) Dec 65 (30,6) 355 Gamow, George (1904-1968) Oct 68 (36,4) 216 Gassendi, Pierre (1592-1650) Oct 54 (13,12) 414 Gauss, Carl Friedrich (1777-1855) Dec 42 (2,2) 14 Dec 50 (10,2) 35 Feb 59 (18,4) 199 Gaviola, Enrique Dec 71 (42,6) 348 Cordoba Gaze, Vera F. (1899-1954) Oct 89 (78,4) 355 Gemini Telescopes Sep 97 (94,3) Apr 99 (97,4) 60 Sep 99 (98,3) 18 Aug 00 (100,2) 38 Feb 02 (103,2) 33 Apr 02 (103,4) 28 van Gent, H. (1900-1947) age 47 Jun 47 (6,8) 7 Le Gentil de la Galaisiere, Guillaume-Joseph-Hyacinthe-Jean-Baptiste Feb 04 (107,2) 48-54 Gerard of Cremona (1114-1187) Apr 43 (2,6) 15 Gerasimovich, Boris Petrovich (1889-1937) Feb 42 (1,4) 4 Jun 57 (16,8) 379 Oct 89 (78,4) 352 Gerbert, see d'Aurillac under A's Gervase of Canterbury (ca. 1170) Aug 92 (84,2) 207 Giacconi, Riccardo Apr 85 (69,4) 296 Jan 91 (81,1) 18 interview Nov 03 (106,5) 19 pic Giampapa, Mark S. May 85 (69,5) 396 Gill, David (1843-1914) Aug 70 (40,2) 87 Feb 72 (43,2) 74 Sep 82 (64,3) 239 May 04 (107,5) 36 Gingrich, Curvin H. (1880-1951) age 71 Aug 51 (10,10) 241 Glancy, Anna Estelle (1884-1975) age 91 July 75 (50,1) 12 one of 1st US women with Ph.D. in astr. Glennan, T. Keith Oct 82 (64,4) 330 interview Goldin, Daniel S. Feb 02 (103,2) 26 Golson, J. C. ( -1984) Feb 85 (69,2) 110 1st Kitt Peak employee Goodricke, John (1764-1786) Jun 61 (21,6) [320] Nov 78 (56,5) 400 Oct 97 (94,4) 90 Gool (Golius), Jacob Feb 85 (69,2) 119 Leiden Obs. Gopcevic, Spiridion see Brenner, Leo Gould, Benjamin Apthorp (1824-1896) Dec 71 (42,6) 347 Graham, George (1673-1751) Jul 70 (40,1) 6 Gran Telescopio Canarias Sep 98 (96,3) 28 Gravity Probe B Jul 04 (108,1) 22 Aug 04 (108,2) 31 launch Greaves, W. M. H. ( -[1956]) Sep 56 (15,11) 484 Greenbank Telescope (GBT) Nov 00 (100,5) 30 Greenstein, Jesse [1909]- 21 Oct 2002, age 93 (email from Richard Green, NOAO) Greenwich Observatory (RGO) Oct 86 (72,4) 343 Jan 99 (97,1) 26 Aug 04 (108,2) 130 bomb plot in Conrad novel Greenwood, Isaac (1702-1745) Jul 76 (52,1) 26 Gregory XIII, pope Nov 82 (64,5) 418 Greg. calendar reform Sep 02 (104,3) 68 Gregory, James (1638-1675) Oct 54 (13,12) 414 Griffin, Roger F. Jun 91 (81,6) 599 Grigg, John (1838-1920) Jul 71 (42,1) 18 Groombridge, Stephen (1755-1832) May 74 (47,5) 296 Grotrian, Walter (1890-1954) Jun 54 (13,8) 264 Gum, Colin Stanley (1924-1960) Jun 60 (19,8) 472

H

Haas, Walter [b. ~1917] Dec 93 (86,6) 100 Nov 97 (94,5) 82 Jan 03 (105,1) 109 pic Hagen, Johann George, S. J. (1847-1930) Oct 71 (42,4) 215 Hagihara, Yusuke (1898-1979) age 81 May 79 (57,5) 428 Hale, George Ellery (1868-1938) Mar 43 (2,5) 9 the S. S. Hale Oct 66 (32,4) 223 H. Wright biog. Aug 72 (44,2) 119 May 73 (45,5) 307 Jan 76 (51,1) 12 Sep 78 (56,3) 180 Feb 91 (81,2) 164 Sep 93 (86,3) 54 Jul 95 (90,1) 87 Sep 95 (90,3) 28 Jul 97 (94,1) 66 Osterbrock book Feb 02 (103,2) 32 Hall, Asaph (1829-1907) Sep 56 (15,11) 495 Jul 77 (54,1) 20 Sep 88 (76,3) 242 Aug 89 (78,2) 142 Aug 03 (106,2) 102 Hall, Linda Southall (1858-1938) Hall, Herbert F. (1858-1941) Nov 04 (108,5) 111 Halley, Edmond (1656-1742) Mar 42 (1,5) 7 Oct 59 (18,12) 669 Oct 64 (28,4) 193 Jan 70 (39,1) 41 Jul 70 (40,1) 6 Aug 70 (40,2) 86 Mar 86 (71,3) 230 Mar 99 (97,3) 72 Feb 04 (107,2) 48 Hamilton, William Rowan (1805-1865) Oct 65 (14,12) 493 Hansen, Julie Vinter (1890-1960) Dec 60 (20,6) 328 Harkness, William (1837-1903) May 04 (107,5) 37 Haro, Guillermo (1922-1988) Jul 80 (60,1) 11 (mistaken obit.) Sep 80 (60,3) 194 Dec 88 (76,6) 603 Harriott, Thomas (1560-1621) Feb 69 (37,2) 82 Harrison, John (1693-1776) Jan 71 (41,1) 6 Jul 96 (92,1) 60 Harrison, Edward Dec 01 (102,6) 49 Hartmann, Johannes (1865-1936) May 61 (21,5) 269 Hartmann, William K. (1939- ) Jun 01 (101,6) 78 Harwood, Margaret (1886-1979) age 93 May 79 (57,5) 430 Hatanaka, Takeo (1914-1963) age 49 Jan 64 (27,1) 18 Hawking, Stephen Apr 91 (81,4) 364 Apr 94 (87,4) 56 Nov 04 (108,5) 14 Ibn Hayyan (ca. 912 A.D.) solar eclipse observer Oct 79 (58,4) 359 Heckmann, Otto Mar 78 (55,3) 166 Heinsius, Gottfried (1709-1769) Jan 87 (73,1) 4 Heis, Eduard (1806-1877) Oct 80 (60,4) 300 Hell, Maximillian, S. J. (1720-1792) Apr 61 (21,4) 213 Aug 96 (92,2) 54 pic Hellman, C. Doris (1913-1973) age 60 May 73 (45,5) 278 von Helmholtz, H. L. F. (1828-1894) May 61 (21,5) 252 Henderson, Ebenezer ([1809]-1879) Jun 83 (65,6) 500 Henize, Karl (1926-1993) Nov 86 (72,5) 446 interview Jan 02 (103,1) 50-51 Henry, Paul (1848-[1905]) and Prosper (1849-[1903]) Jun 58 (17,8) 394 Henry, William ( -1948) Jun 48 (7,8) 202 amateur Henyey, Louis G. (1910-1970) May 71 (41,5) 279 Herget, Paul (1908-1981) May 71 (41,5) 279 Nov 80 (60,5) 373 Dec 81 (62,6) 531 Herrick, Edward (1811-1862) Aug 96 (92,2) 68 discovered Perseids Herrick, Samuel ([1911]-1974) Jul 74 (48,1) 3 Herring, Alika K. [d. 1997] May 95 (89,5) 81 Herschel, Alexander (1836-1907) son of John Jul 80 (60,1) 14 Herschel, Caroline Lucretia (1750-1848) Jul 46 (5,9) 7 Nov 54 (14,1) 7 Jul 74 (48,1) 9 Aug 88 (76,2) 121-2 Nov 02 (104,5) 107 Jul 04 (108,1) 115 Herschel, John (1792-1871) May 52 (11,7) 160 Feb 67 (33,2) 102 May 65 (29,5) 283 Jun 69 (37,6) 358 Jul 80 (60,1) 5 Sep 81 (62,3) 196 Oct 81 (62,4) 310 Jun 86 (71,6) 579 Nov 92 (84,5) 499 Nov 03 (106,5) 117 Herschel, William (1738-1822) Jun 45 (4,8) 11 Mar 49 (8,5) 119 wife = Mrs. Mary Pitt Dec 50 (10,2) 37 May 52 (11,7) 159 May 56 (15,7) 302 lunar volcanoes Oct 56 (15,12) 541 Mar 58 (17,5) 234 auction Jun 60 (19,8) 463 Aug 61 (22,2) 75 Publ. Astr. Soc. Pacific Feb 62 composer Jul 63 (26,1) 41 Aug 64 (28,2) 83 Oct 64 (28,4) 192 Feb 71 (41,2) 92 Jul 74 (48,1) 9 Sep 75 (50,3) 145 Mar 76 (51,3) 164 Nov 76 (52,5) 372 Sep 77 (54,3) 174 20-foot reflector Mar 81 (61,3) 188-196 Jun 81 (61,6) 503 Oct 84 (68,4) 317 Nov 85 (70,5) 411 Scientific American, Feb 86, 106 Mar 86 (71,3) 253 Nov 89 (78,5) 453 May 96 (91,5) 47 recording of his music Aug 00 (100,2) 83 Nov 01 (102,5) 42 Nov 02 (104,5) 107 Feb 04 (107,2) 82 Mar 04 (107,3) 153 Jul 04 (108,1) 115 Hertzsprung, Ejnar (1873-1967) Jan 68 (35,1) 4 Nov 76 (52,5) 372 Hess, Victor F. (1883-1964) Feb 65 (29,2) 94 Mar 88 (75,3) 266 Hevelius, Elizabeth Margarethe Nov 54 (14,1) 8 Hevelius, Johannes (1611-1687) Aug 63 (26,2) 80 Dec 68 (36,6) 370 Apr 72 (43,4) 223 May 79 (57,5) 479 Heyden, Francis Joseph, S. J. (1907-1991) Nov 91 (82,5) 551 Hickox, Joseph O. ( -1970) Oct 70 (40,4) 206 Hind, J. R. Apr 79 (57,4) 342 see Wrottesley Hipparchus (ca. 127 BC) Jul 97 (94,1) 28 Feb 02 (103,2) 39 Hobby-Eberly Telescope Feb 97 (93,2) 11 Dec 97 (94,6) 16 Oct 99 (98,4) 24 Feb 02 (103,2) 33 Hoffleit, Dorrit (1907- ) Feb 99 (97,2) 89 Hoffmeister, Cuno (1892-1968) Apr 68 (35,4) 216 Hogg, Frank S. (1904-1951) Feb 51 (10,4) 86 Mar 51 (10,5) 110 Holcomb, Amasa (1787-1875) Jun 86 (71,6) 620 Holden, Edward S. (1846-1914) Apr 70 (39,4) 225 Jun 70 (39,6) 363 Jan 76 (51,1) 9 Mercury Sep-Oct 78 (7,5) 106 Feb 96 (91,2) 39 Holmes, Clifford W. (1929-1993) Mar 94 (87,3) 100 Holmes, Oliver Wendell (1809-1894) Jun 99 (97,6) 52 Holt, William L. ( -1946) Dec 46 (6,2) 12 made millionth AAVSO obs Homer Jan 89 (77,1) 57 Honda, Minoru (1913-1990) Jun 91 (81,6) 670 Hooke, Robert (1635-1703) Feb 57 (16,4) 179 Feb 65 (29,2) 92 Hopkins, Albert Feb 62 (23,2) 67 Hopkins, Jeanne (1923-1984) Dec 84 (68,6) 493 Horkheimer, Jack (interview) Oct 99 (98,4) 84 Horn d'Arturo, Guido (1879-1967) Aug 67 (34,2) 93 Feb 78 (55,2) 100 Horrocks, Jeremiah ( -1641) age 22 Feb 04 (107,2) 50 Jun 04 (107,6) 108 Houck, Theodore E. (1926-1974) age 48 Aug 74 (48,2) 90 Hough, George Washington (1836-1909) Apr 70 (39,4) 225 Sep 78 (56,3) 181 Houston, Walter Scott (1912-1993) Sep 86 (72,3) 315 asteroid 3031 May 87 (73,5) 566 Mar 94 (87,3) 11 May 94 (87,5) 102 Houtermans, F. G. (1903-1966) age 63 Apr 66 (31,4) 214 Houzeau de Lehaie, Jean-Charles-Hippolyte-Joseph (1820-1888) Oct 90 (80,4) 372 Howard, Edward Charles (1774-1816) Jul 80 (60,1) 14 Hoyle, Fred (1915-2001) Jan 95 (89,1) 55 Sep 99 (98,3) 34 Nov 01 (102,5) 25 Hoyt, William G. (1921-1985) Apr 85 (69,4) 317 Hu, Esther M. Dec 01 (102,6) 74 Huang, Su-Shu (1915-1977) age 62 Feb 78 (55,2) 106 Hubble, Edwin P. (1889-1953) Jan 54 (13,3) 78 Sep 62 (24,3) 128 Jan 65 (29,2) 5 Apr 70 (39,4) 220 Feb 82 (63,2) 124 Feb 84 (67,2) 125 Sep 86 (72,3) 227 Jun 94 (87,6) 61 Jan 99 (97,1) 56 Jan 00 (99,1) 53 Hubble Space Telescope / ST Science Institute Apr 85 (69,4) 295 ff. May 85 (69,5) 409 Dec 86 (72,6) 562 Feb 87 (73,2) 146 Apr 00 (99,4) 28 Aug 03 (106,2) 28 Feb 04 (107,2) 76 Mar 04 (107,3) 24 Apr 04 (107,4) 24 Jun 04 (107,6) 120 Jul 04 (108,1) 43 Hubble Deep Field (HDF) Aug 04 (108,2) 28 Huchra, John Dec 01 (102,6) 75 Huffer, C. M. (1894-1981) May 81 (61,5) 397 Huggins, Margaret Lindsay (1848-1915 Aug 04 (108,2) 48 Huggins, Sir William (1824-1910) May 80 (59,5) 416 Aug 04 (108,2) 48 Humason, Milton L. (1891-1972) Aug 72 (44,2) 71 Humboldt, Baron Alexander von (1769-1859) May 52 (11,7) 158 Aug 80 (60,2) 144 letters to H. C. Schumacher Hurless, Carolyn J. (1934-1987) Jun 87 (73,6) 659 JAAVSO, vol 16, no. 1, 1987, 35 Huygens, Christiaan (1629-1695) Nov 48 (8,1) 7 Aug 59 (18,10) 559 Feb 65 (29,2) 92 Nov 75 (50,5) 299 Feb 80 (59,2) 101 Jul 04 (108,1) 38 Hyakutake, Yuji (1950-2002) Apr 99 (97,4) 89-90 Jul 02 (104,1) 68 Hynek, J. Allen (1910-1986) Aug 86 (72,2) 117 Hypatia (d. 415 A. D.) Nov 54 (14,1) 7 see novel by Charles Kingsley (1853)

I

Idel'son, Naum I. (1885-1951) Oct 89 (78,4) 355 Ikeya, Kaoru (1943- ) Jul 02 (104,1) 70 Inaka, Akira Dec 03 (106,6) 79 Ingalls, Albert G. (1888-1958) age 70 Oct 58 (17,12) 616 Feb 91 (81,2) 140 Innes, Robert Thorburn Ayton (1861-1933) Jun 78 (55,6) 474 Ivanov, Nikolai I. (1902-1938?) Oct 89 (78,4) 355 Izsak, Imre (1929-1965) Jun 65 (29,6) 345 Aug 67 (34,2) 89

J

Jackson, John (1887-1958) age 71 Apr 59 (18,6) 308 Jai Singh II, Maharaja Sawai (1686-1743) Jul 54 (13,9) 309 Dec 58 (18,2) 70 Jul 79 (58,1) 6 Sep 95 (90,3) 56 Jamshid Ghiyath al-Din al-Kashi (15th cent.) Dec 60 (20,6) 363 Jansky, Karl Guthe (1905-1950) Feb 74 (47,2) 84 Aug 78 (56,2) 101 Jul 88 (76,1) 28 Janssen, Carl Luplau (1891-1972) [possibly born 1889] Jul 72 (44,1) 17 Janssen, P[ierre] Jules C. (1824-1907) Oct 73 (46,4) 246 Feb 80 (59,2) 107 May 04 (107,5) 35 Jeans, James H. (1877-1946) Nov 46 (6,1) 10 Nov 53 (13,1) 20 Oct 73 (46,4) 246 Jeffers, Hamilton Moore (1894-1976) age 82 Aug 76 (52,2) 91 Jenkins, Louise F. (1888-1970) Jul 70 (40,1) 16 Journal of the AAVSO 1985 (14,2) 67 Jodrell Bank Feb 03 (105,2) 18 Johnson, Harold L. (1921-1980) Oct 80 (60,4) 273 Johnson, Thomas J. inventor of Celestron telescope Jun 79 (57,6) 541 Jones, Albert (1920- ) Apr 01 (101,4) 82 Nov 03 (106,5) 77 pic Joy, Alfred H. (188[2]-1973) Jul 73 (46,1) 3 Joyce, James (1882-1941) Jul 04 (108,1) 76

K

Kamienski, Michael (1880-1973) age 93 Jun 73 (45,6) 358 Kapteyn, Jacobus Cornelius (1851-1922) Jan 51 (10,3) 55 Aug 61 (22,2) 65 Oct 73 (46,4) 246 Feb 91 (81,2) 155 Kargo, Kandra Sep 02 (104,3) 63 Karpov, Rebecca Jones ( -1966) Jan 67 (33,1) 30 [W. M.] Keck Observatory (at Mauna Kea) Mar 85 (69,3) 223 Dec 85 (70,6) 544 Jul 90 (80,1) 15 technical specs Scientific American, Nov. 1991, 112 Feb 91 (81,2) 129, 133 1st image with 9 segments Jul 91 (82,1) 18 Feb 92 (83,2) 130 dedication Nov 7, 1991 Jul 92 (84,1) 30 Dec 92 (84,6) 623 36th segment in place April 14, 1992 Jul 93 (86,1) 9 4C 41.17 image Sep 94 (88,3) 20 "Science with the Keck Telescope" Feb 95 (89,2) 15 cosmic thermometry Mar 95 (89,3) 14 redshift 4.25 galaxy May 95 (89,5) 12 faint red dwarfs Jun 95 (89,6) 14 K-band galaxy counts Jul 96 (92,1) 13 Keck II first light Aug 00 (100,2) 41 Feb 02 (103,2) 30 May 03 (105,5) 30 optical interferometry Oct 03 (106,4) 24 Feb 04 (107,2) 20 Apr 04 (107,4) 50 Keeler, James Edward (1857-1900) Jan 76 (51,1) 14 Sep 78 (56,3) 181 Oct 79 (58,4) 310 Aug 82 (64,2) 123 Apr 85 (69,4) 323 Kemp, James C. (1927-1988) age 61 Oct 88 (76,4) 342 Kepler, Johannes (1571-1630) May 45 (4,7) 17 Nov 51 (11,1) 14 May 52 (11,7) 160 Jan 59 (18,3) 141 Jun 60 (19,8) 494 Jul 61 (22,1) 22 Aug 64 (28,2) 70 Dec 71 (42,6) 328 Scientific American, March 1972 Sep 75 (50,3) 146 Aug 76 (52,2) 125 Aug 79 (58,2) 124 Mar 84 (67,3) 233 Feb 85 (69,2) 132 Dec 93 (86,6) 53 Apr 94 (87,4) 60 see note above on Tycho Brahe's assistants and coworkers May 03 (105,5) 47 Oct 03 (106,4) 71 Al-Khayyami (1048?-1131?) Oct 73 (46,4) 247 al-Khwarizmi, Muhammad Ibn Musa (ca. 840) Jan 03 (105,1) 55 Kienle, Hans (1895-1975) age 80 Jun 75 (49,6) 368 Kiepenheuer, Karl Otto (1910-1975) age 65 Oct 75 (50,4) 230 Kiess, Carl C. (1887-1967) Dec 67 (34,6) 379 Kirch, Christine (c. 1696-1782) Oct 73 (46,4) 247 Kirch, Gottfried (1639-1710) Oct 73 (46,4) 246 Kirch, Maria Margarethe (1670-1720) Nov 54 (14,1) 8 Oct 73 (46,4) 247 Kircher, Athanasius (1601-1680) Oct 73 (46,4) 247 Kirchhoff, Gustav (1824-1887) Jul 81 (62,1) 13 Aug 04 (108,2) 46 Kirkwood, Daniel (1814-1895) Oct 73 (46,4) 246 Kitchiner, William (ca. 1778-1827) Jun 67 (33,6) 346 Klingensterna, Samuel (1698-1765) Oct 73 (46,4) 247 von Kluber, Harald (1902-1978) age 76 Aug 78 (56,2) 105 Klumpke, see Roberts Kmeth, Daniel (1783-1825) Feb 62 (23,2) 76 Knox-shaw, Harold (1885-1970) Aug 70 (40,2) 81 Koenig, Dean (1956- ) Jul 01 (102,1) 82 Komendantov, Nikolai V. (1895- ? ) Oct 89 (78,4) 354-5 Konkoly Thege, Miklos Aug 93 (86,2) 56 Kopff, August (1882-1960) Jul 60 (20,1) 28 Jul 96 (92,1) 110 Kovalsky, Marian A. (1821-1894) May 62 (23,5) 250 Kozlov, Vladimir I. (1904-1940) Oct 89 (78,4) 355 Kozyrev, Nikolai Alexandrovich (1908-1983) Feb 59 (18,4) 184 Jun 83 (65,6) 485 Oct 89 (78,4) 352, 356 Oct 96 (92,4) 26-30 Sep 99 (98,3) 118 Krat, V. A. Nov 67 (34,5) 298 pic Kraus, John D. Apr 85 (69,4) 316 Krieger, J[ohann] N. (1865-1902) Feb 61 (21,2) 92 Krisciunas, Kevin (1953- ) Dec 69 (38,6) 428 Orionids Mar 89 (77,3) 163 book on observatories May 91 (81,5) 474 TV series Dec 91 (82,6) 597 solar eclipse science Dec 91 (82,6) 606 eclipse opera Sep 94 (88,3) 20 science with the Keck Telescope Feb 96 (91,2) 91 photometry May 97 (93,5) 82 alpha Ori Mar 98 (95,3) 43 SN 1987A from Hawaii Jan 00 (99,1) 16 gamma Doradus stars Dec 03 (106,6) 12 Harry Potter Kruger, Adalbert (1832-1896) Apr 80 (59,4) 302 Krupp, Ed Sep 03 (106,3) 8 Kugler, Franz Xaver (decoded Babylonian tablets) Jul 00 (100,1) 43 Kuiper, Gerard Peter (1905-1973) Mar 74 (47,3) 159 Oct 96 (92,4) 27-29 Nov 03 (106,5) 31 KBO's Kufeld, Steven Grant (1939-1997) Nov 97 (94,5) 26 Kukarkin, Boris V. ( -1977) Dec 77 (54,6) 500 Kulibin, Ivan (1735-1818) Sep 01 (102,3) 68 Jan 02 (103,1) 12 Kulik, Leonid A. Jan 84 (67,1) 19 Jun 94 (87,6) 40 Kustner, Friedrich (1856-1936) [Kuestner] Aug 76 (52,2) 99 Kutter, Anton (1903-1985) May 85 (69,5) 461

L

Lacaille, Nicolas Louis de (1713-1762) Feb 60 (19,4) 207 Feb 71 (41,2) 100 pic May 73 (45,5) 294 Oct 73 (46,4) 246 Jul 80 (60,1) 4 May 89 (77,5) 515 Jul 02 (104,1) 39 Lacchini, Giovanni Battista (1885-1967) age 82 Mar 67 (33,3) 149 Lagrange, Joseph Louis (1736-1813) Aug 58 (17,10) 513 Feb 59 (18,4) 198 Feb 80 (59,2) 103 de La Hire, Philippe (1640-1718) Feb 65 (29,2) 94 de Lalande, Joseph Jerome (1732-1807) May 85 (69,5) 432 Jul 89 (78,1) 23 Jun 95 (89,6) 68 de Lalande, Marie Jeanne Nov 54 (14,1) 8 Lambert, Johann H. (1728-1777) Aug 54 (13,10) 333 Feb 65 (29,2) 94 Lampland, Carl O. (1873-1951) Feb 52 (11,4) 82 May 71 (41,5) 279 Lane, Alfred C. (1863-1948) Jun 48 (7,8) 203 geologist Langley, Samuel Pierpont (1834-1906) Feb 80 (59,2) 112 Sep 88 (76,3) 233 von Langren, Michael (1600-1675) Nov 78 (56,5) 380 Laplace, Pierre Simon de (1749-1827) Feb 59 (18,4) 198 Feb 80 (59,2) 103 Large Binocular Telescope (LBT) Sep 97 (94,3) 18 Larkin, Edgar Lucien (1847-1924) Jun 72 (43,6) 366 Lassell, William (1799-1880) Oct 59 (18,12) 664 Jun 89 (77,6) 610 Lassovszky, Karoly (1897-1961) age 64 Feb 62 (23,2) 69 Leiden Observatory Feb 85 (69,2) 119 Nov 87 (74,5) 535 Lemaitre, Georges (189[4]-1966) Nov 66 (32,5) 275 Leman-Balanovskaya, Inna N. (1881- ? ) Oct 89 (78,4) 355 Leon, Luis G. (1865-1913) Oct 02 (104,4) 67 Leonard, Frederick C. (1896-1960) age 64 Aug 60 (20,2) 76 Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519) Oct 99 (98,4) 40 Mar 00 (99,3) 14 Jul 00 (100,1) 14 Lepaute, Hortense [Nicole Reine Etable de la Briere] (1723-1788) Nov 54 (14,1) 8 Leuschner, Armin O. (1868-1953) Jul 53 (12,9) 237 Aug 78 (56,2) 99 Leverrier, Urbain Jean Joseph (1811-1877) Sep 46 (5,11) 8 Apr 63 (25,4) 224 Feb 80 (59,2) 104-5 Sep 83 (66,3) 220 Sep 96 (92,3) 38 Oct 97 (94,4) 69 Oct 98 (96,4) 112-3 Jul 03 (106,1) 26 Feb 04 (107,2) 82 Levy, David Oct 02 (104,4) 72 Nov 02 (104,5) 62 Ley, Willy (1906-1969) Aug 69 (38,2) 79 LIGO (Laser Interferometric Gravity wave Observatory) Oct 00 (100,4) 40 license plates Mar 81 (61,3) 249 Nov 01 (102,5) 84-85 Lick, James (1796-1876) Sep 88 (76,3) 261 Oct 88 (76,4) 426 36-inch lens Lilio, Luigi (ca. 1510-1576) Nov 82 (64,5) 418 Greg. calendar reform Liller, William Mar 02 (103,3) 70 Lindblad, Bertil (1895-1965) Feb 65 (29,2) 81 Sep 65 (30,3) 142 Lincoln, Abraham (1809-1865) Nov 99 (98,5) 16 Lindsay, Eric ( -1974) Sep 74 (48,3) 159 Link, Goethe S. (1879-1980) age 101 Apr 81 (61,4) 301 Lipskij, Yu. N. ( -1978) Aug 78 (56,2) 105 Littrow, J. J. Feb 62 (23,2) 77 Liu, Joseph H. C. ([1931]- ) Oct 01 (102,4) 78 Locke, John (19th cent.) Aug 96 (92,2) 69 discovered Perseids Locke, Richard Adams (1800-1871) Apr 55 (15,6) 250 Nov 81 (62,5) 429 moon hoax Loewy, Maurice (1833-1907) Feb 80 (59,2) 107 Lohrmann, Wilhelm Gotthelf (1796-1840) Dec 55 (16,2) 62 Lomonosov, Mikhail Vasilievich (1711-1765) Feb 54 (13,4) cover, 107,118 Sep 65 (30,3) 138 Longair, Malcolm Jun 84 (67,6) 516 Longfellow, Henry Wadsworth (1807-1882) Jun 01 (101,6) 74 Loomis, Elias (1811-1889) Dec 72 (44,6) 366 Loreta, Eppe ( -1945) Jun 46 (5,8) 4 amateur Losh, Hazel M. (1898-1978) age 80 Dec 78 (56,6) 498 U. Mich. Lovi, George (1939-1993) May 93 (85,5) 9 Lowell, Percival (1855-1916) Mar 60 (19,5) 264 Oct 76 (52,4) 282 Sep 88 (76,3) 249 Oct 88 (76,4) 414-5 ghost Jul 94 (88,1) 62 May 99 (97,5) 10 Jul 01 (102,1) 74 Jul 02 (104,1) 99 Mar 04 (107,3) 117 Lundmark, Knut ([1889]-1958) Jul 58 (17,9) 457 Lyot, Bernard (1897-1952) Jun 52 (11,8) 186

M

van Maanen, Adriaan ([1884]-1946) Apr 46 (5,6) 10 Machholz, Donald Apr 99 (97,4) 89 Maclear, Thomas Jun 86 (71,6) 579 Madler, Johann Heinrich (1794-1874) Feb 66 (31,2) 79 see also Witte Mar 67 (33,3) 166 Magellan Project (twin 6.5-m scopes) Sep 97 (94,3) 19 Aug 00 (100,2) 40 Makemson, Maud Worcester (1891-1977) Apr 78 (55,4) 294 Maksutov, Dmitrii Dmitirievich (1896-1964) Oct 64 (28,4) 213 Dec 95 (90,6) 77 Dec 01 (102,6) 52-58 Malin, David (1941- ) Dec 97 (94,6) 85 [Cerro] Mamalluca Observatory, Chile Feb 01 (101,2) 91 Manulis, Ilan (1950- ) Mar 01 (101,3) 80 Marcy, Geoffrey ([1954]- ) Dec 02 (105,6) 79 Marius, Simon [1573-1624] Mar 43 (2,5) 9 see note above on Tycho Brahe's assistants and coworkers Markgraf, Georg ( -1644) Nov 84 (68,5) 388 1st S. hemis. obs (Brazil) Marsden, Brian Jun 93 (85,6) 98 Marshall, Oscar Seth (1870-1953) Jan 80 (59,1) 62 assoc. of R. W. Porter Martin, John (1950- ) Aug 03 (106,2) 82 Martin, W. Chr. ( -1945?) Feb 45 (5,4) 7 Japanese POW Maskelyne, Nevil ([1765]-1811) Jan 71 (41,1) 5 Mason, Ebenezer Porter (1819-1840) Dec 72 (44,6) 366 Masursky, Harold (1923-1990) Feb 91 (81,2) 131 Mattei, Janet Akyuz (1943-2004) Dec 03 (106,6) 82 Jun 04 (107,6) 25 Matthews, Mildred Shapley (1915- ) Aug 96 (92,2) 83 Mauna Kea Observatory (1964- ) see also Keck Nov 70 (40,5) 276 dedication Dec 72 (44,6) 361-365 Astronomical Centers of the World, by Kevin Krisciunas, Cambridge Univ. Press, 1988, pp. 222-237, 301-305 Dec 91 (82,6) 597 solar eclipse science Aug 01 (102,2) 40-48 Feb 02 (103,2) 30-37 Aug 02 (104,2) 28 Maury, Antonia C. (1866-1952) Mar 52 (11,5) 106 Mayer, Christian Feb 63 (25,2) 75 Mayer, Tobias (1723-1762) Feb 65 (29,2) 94 Jan 71 (41,1) 4 Oct 72 (44,4) 254 Maxwell, James Clerk (1831-1879) Mar 76 (51,3) 196 May 84 (67,5) 429 Mayer, Ben (1925-1999) Apr 00 (99,4) 84 McCrea, William H. (1904- ) Nov 84 (68,5) 416 McCuskey, Sidney W. (1907-1979) Aug 79 (58,2) 117 McDermott, Ashley Thomas Jan 95 (89,1) 106 McDonald Observatory Aug 04 (108,2) 131 bullet damage McKellar, Andrew (1910-1960) Jul 60 (20,1) 8 McLaughlin, Dean B. (1901-1965) Jan 66 (31,1) 26 Feb 66 (31,2) 91 American Scientist, Jan-Feb 1974 Jun 75 (49,6) 359 May 01 (101,5) 118 pic McMath, Robert R. (1891-1962) Apr 62 (23,4) 187 Apr 99 (97,4) 12 McNally, Rev. Paul A., S. J. (1891-1955) age 64 May 55 (14,7) 281 McNaught, Robert Mar 92 (83,3) 336 McNeil, Jay Jun 04 (107,6) 114 McVittie, George C. (1904- ) Nov 84 (68,5) 416 Mechain, Pierre (1744-1805) Sep 53 (12,11) 288 Apr 69 (37,4) 230 Mees, C. Kenneth (1882-1960) age 78 Jan 6 (21,1) 27 Meggers, William (1888-1966) age 78 Feb 67 (33,2) 94 Mellish, John E. (1886-1970) Jun 66 (31,6), 339 Jul 92 (84,1) 23 IAU Hague Meeting, 1994, Joint Discussion 7 Nov 99 (98,5) 84 Mel'nikov, O. A. (1902- ? ) pic Oct 89 (78,4) 355 Mendoza y Rios, Don Jose (1763?-1816) Oct 54 (13,12) 414 Menzel, Donald H. (1901-1976) Mar 54 (13,5) 143 Apr 77 (53,4) 244 Aug 79 (58,2) 165 Merrill, Paul W. (1887-1961) Sep 61 (22,3) 127 Messier, Charles (1730-1817) Oct 44 (3,12) 11 Aug 53 (12,10) 255 Sep 53 (12,11) 288 Oct 60 (20,4) 196 Metcalf, Joel Hastings (1866-1925) Dec 70 (40,6) 361 Oct 89 (78,4) 435 Meyer, W. F. (1880-1948) Nov 50 (10,11) 7 Meyer-Womble Observatory (14264 ft at Mt. Evans, CO) Apr 97 (93,4) 108 Michelson, Albert A. (1852-1931) Mar 44 (3,5) 8 Jan 74 (47,1) 50 Apr 74 (47,4) 252 Jan 80 (59,1) 63 Apr 82 (63,4) 338 Michie, Richard W. (1932-1969) age 37 Jul 69 (38,1) 19 Mikhailov, Alexei (1888-[1983]) Jan 76 (51,1) 21 pic Miller, John A. (1860-1946) age 86 Aug 46 (5,10) 12 Miller, Rev. Walter J. (1904-1973) age 69 Jan 74 (47,1) 28 Millet, Jean-Francis (1815-1875) artist Feb 92 (83,2) 159 Millikan, Robert Andrews (1868-1953) age 85 Feb 54 (13,4) 113 Mills, Darius Ogden May 82 (63,5) 446 Milne, Edward Arthur (1896-1950) Nov 50 (10,1) 13 Mar 73 (45,3) 143 Mineur, Henri (1899-1954) Nov 54 (14,1) 14 Minkowski, Rudolf (1895-1976) Mar 76 (51,3) 147 Minnaert, M. G. J. (1893-1970) Dec 70 (40,6) 344 Mitchell, Maria (1818-1889) Apr 49 (8,6) 151 Nov 54 (14,1) 9 May 64 (27,5) 274 Jun 78 (55,6) 523 Oct 88 (76,4) 415 ghost May 92 (83,5) 505 Dec 97 (94,6) 78 Apr 99 (97,4) 87 Mitchell, Ormsby MacKnight (1809-1862) Jan 86 (71,1) 14 Aug 97 (94,2) 74 Mitchell, Samuel Alfred (1875-1960) age 85 Apr 60 (19,6) 333 Moffet, Alan T. (1936-1987) Dec 87 (74,6) 576 Mogey, William (1923-1990 Jan 90 (79,1) 98 Moore, Joseph Haines (1879-1949) May 49 (8,7) 165 Jun 49 (8,8) 197 Moore, Patrick (1923- ) May 97 (93,5) 106 Jul 03 (106,1) 73 de Morgan, Augustus (1806-1871) Oct 78 (56,4) 294 Morgan, Herbert Rollo (1875-1957) Aug 57 (16,10) 473 Morris, Charles (1952- ) Nov 98 (96,5) 87 Motta, Mario E. (1952- ) Nov 02 (104,5) 73 Moulton, Forest Ray (1872-1952) Mar 53 (12,5) 128 Mount Stromlo Observatory Apr 03 (105,4) 18 Aug 03 (106,2) 26 Mar 04 (107,3) 24 Mount Wilson Observatory Mar 85 (69,3) 197 Oct 85 (70,4) 305 Mar 93 (85,3) 18 Apr 03 (105,4) 77 summer program Mueller, Jean (1950- ) Jul 92 (84,1) 96 Muller, Gustav (1851-1925) Apr 61 (21,4) 197 Muller, Johann see Regiomontanus Muller, Karl (1866-1942) Oct 65 (30,4) 222 Muller, Maria Clara (1676-1707) Feb 65 (29,2) 94 Multiple-Mirror Telescope (MMT) Sep 97 (94,3) 18 Oct 00 (100,4) 27 Munch, Edvard (1863-1944) Feb 04 (107,2) 29 Dec 04 (108,6) 130 Mutch, Thomas A. (1932-1980) age 48 Dec 80 (60,6) 483 Murie, James R. (1862-1923) Jul 81 (62,1) 24 Pawnee cosmology Musselius, Maksimilian M. (1884-1938) Oct 89 (78,4) 355

N

Nagler, Al [b. 1935] Jun 99 (97,6) 99 Nasmyth, James (1808-1890) Dec 69 (38,6) 380 Nassau, Jason John (1893-1965) age 72 Jul 65 (30,1) 7 Neely, Henry M. (1879-1963) age 84 Jun 63 (25,6) 311 Hayden Planetarium Neubauer, F. J. ( -1952) Dec 52 (12,2) 40 Newcomb, Simon (1835-1909) Aug 61 (22,2) 64 Oct 73 (46,4) 208 Sep 88 (76,3) 243 Jun 93 (85,6) 12 Prof. Moriarty Newell, Homer E. (1915-1983) Nov 81 (62,5) 474 Nov 83 (66,5) 397 Physics Today, Feb 84, p. 77 Newton, Isaac (1642/3-1727) Jan 43 (2,3) 3 May 44 (3,7) 6 Jan 49 (8,3) 74 Mar 55 (14,5) 195 Scientific Monthly, May 55 Dec 57 (17,2) 66 Dec 58 (18,2) 102 Sep 63 (26,3) 159 Oct 69 (38,4) 248 Dec 71 (42,6) 342 Jul 78 (56,1) 11 Mar 85 (69,3) 226 Mar 86 (71,3) 230 Jul 87 (74,1) 18 Oct 01 (102,4) 8 (Newton's Tyranny) Nicholson, Seth B. (1891-1963) Aug 63 (26,2) 63 Nielsen, Axel V. (190[2]-1970) Aug 70 (40,2) 81 Nolin, Jean-Baptiste (ca. 1750) atlas maker Jan 03 (105,1) 54 Northcott, Ruth Josephine (1913-1969) Oct 69 (38,4) 211 Norton, Arthur P. (1876-1955) Nov 89 (78,5) 489 Numazawa, Shigemi Jul 98 (96,1) 46 Numerov, Boris V. (1891-1941) Oct 89 (78,4) 354

O

Oberth, Hermann (1894-1989) Mar 90 (79,3) 255 O'Connell, Daniel J. K. (1896-1982) Apr 83 (65,4) 320 Oganezov, Varlan T. (1890-1962) Oct 89 (78,4) 356 Olbers, H[einrich] Wilhelm M[attha"us] (1758-1840) (his third name is sometimes given as Matthias) Jun 53 (12,8) 211 Mar 63 (25,3) 140 Oct 65 (30,4) 222 Mar 73 (45,3) 141 Sep 74 (48,3) 163 Jun 89 (77,6) 594 Dec 01 (102,6) 46 Olcott, William Tyler (1873-1936) founded AAVSO Nov 90 (80,5) 536 Oliver, Bernard M. (191[6]-1995) age 79 Mar 96 (91,3) 17 Olivier, Charles P. (1884-1975) Oct 75 (50,4) 231 Olmsted, Denison (1791-1859) Dec 72 (44,6) 366 Aug 96 (92,2) 69 O'Meara, Stephen J. (1956- ) Oct 00 (100,4) 94 Oort, Jan H. (1900-1992) Feb 85 (69,2) 120 Apr 93 (85,4) 44 Opik, Ernst (1893-1985) Dec 68 (36,6) 376 Feb 86 (71,2) 149 von Oppolzer, Theodor (1841-1886) Nov 89 (78,5) 475 Ovenden, Michael (1927-1987) Sep 87 (74,3) 234 Ozernoy, Leonid Sep 86 (72,3) 233

P

Pajdusakova, Ludmilla Jul 92 (84,1) 94 comet hunter Palisa, Johann (1848-1925) Dec 57 (17,2) 75 Dec 70 (40,6) 361 Aug 78 (56,2) 99 Palitzsch, Johann Georg (1723-1788) May 90 (79,5) 548 Pallas, Peter Simon (1741-1811) May 56 (15,7) 293 meteorites Palomar Observatory (there must be many, many references all throughout Sky and Telescope) Nov 03 (106,5) 31 Pannekoek, Antonie (1873-1960) Aug 60 (20,2) 74 Paraskevopoulos, John S. ([1889]-1951) May 51 (10,7) 169 Monthly Notices RAS, vol. 112, 277 (1952) two pictures in David Evans' book Under Capricorn: a history of southern hemisphere astronomy (1988, pp. 231, 232) Parenago, Pavel P. (1907-1960) age 53 Feb 60 (19,4) 219 Parker, Donald C. (1939- ) Sep 94 (88,3) 95 planetary photogr. Parkhurst, Henry M. (1825-1908) Apr 65 (29,4) 217 Jan 75 (49,1) 17 Parsons, William, 3rd Earl of Rosse (1800-1867) Jun 68 (35,6) 366 Nov 73 (46,5) 323 Feb 74 (47,2) 89 Nov 79 (58,5) 482 ff. Nov 97 (94,5) 52 rebuilt 72-inch May 03 (105,5) 116 Jan 04 (107,1) 84 Apr 04 (107,4) 37 Pasquich, Johann (1753-1829) Feb 62 (23,2) 76 Pawsey, Joseph Lade (1908-1962) Feb 63 (25,2) 77 Payne-Gaposchkin, Cecilia (1900-1979) Mar 80 (59,3) 212 Sep 84 (68,3) 225 Peate, John (1820-1903) Apr 62 (23,4) 210 Peek, Bertrand Meigh (189[1]-1965) Sep 65 (30,3) 147 Peiresc, Nicolas Nov 75 (50,5) 299 early observer of M 42 Peltier, Leslie [Copus] (1900-1980) Jul 47 (6,9) 8 Jan 62 (23,1) 10 Jul 80 (60,1) 13 Aug 80 (60,2) 104 Feb 00 (99,2) 82 Pepys, Samuel (1633-1703) Jun 91 (81,6) 642 Perepelkin, Evgenii Ya. (1906-1938) Oct 89 (78,4) 355 Perkin, Richard S. (1907-1969) age 62 Jul 69 (38,1) 3 Perkin-Elmer Corp. Perrine, Charles Dillon (1867-1951) Dec 71 (42,6) 348 Sep 76 (52,3) 164 Oct 79 (58,4) 311 Feb 91 (81,2) 156 Perry, Rev. Stephen Joseph, S. J. (1833-1889) Jun 66 (31,6) 341 Peters, Christian Heinrich Friedrich (1813-1890) Feb 73 (45,2) 90 Mar 73 (45,3) 152 Oct 98 (96,4) 113 Petersen, Carolyn Collins (1953- ) Mar 02 (103,3) 72 Petersen, Mark (1954- ) Mar 02 (103,3) 72 Petrie, Robert M. (1906-1966) Jul 66 (32,1) 25 Pettit, Edison (1889-1962) Aug 62 (24,2) 74 Peucker, Karl (1859-1940) Oct 99 (98,4) 44 Phair, Venetia Burney ([1919]- ) Nov 84 (68,5) 400 naming of Pluto Pheidippides ( - 490 BC) Sep 04 (108,3) 36 Phillips, Theodore Evelyn Reece (1868-1942) Aug 42 (1,10) 16 Piazzi, Giuseppe (1746-1826) Dec 57 (17,2) 74 Sep 92 (84,3) 274 Jul 01 (102,1) 49 Picard, Jean (1620-1682) Nov 48 (8,1) 7 Feb 80 (59,2) 101 Piccolomini, Alessandro (1508-1578/1579) May 73 (45,5) 292 (death dates differ) Dec 81 (62,6) 532 Pickering, David B. (1873-1946) founder AAVSO Aug 46 (5,10) 9 Apr 69 (37,4) 221 Pickering, Edward Charles (1846-1919) Feb 55 (14,4) 134 Aug 61 (22,2) 69 Dec 63 (26,6) 335 Nov 92 (84,5) 495 Sep 00 (100,3) 40 Jan 04 (107,1) 117 Pickering, James Sayre (1898-1969) age 71 Apr 69 (37,4) 221 Hayden Planetarium Pickering, William Henry (1858-1938) Dec 63 (26,6) 335 Jun 98 (95,6) 105 Jan 04 (107,1) 114 Pierce, Newton L[acy] ( -1950) Sep 50 (9,11) 273 Pigott, Edward ( -1825) Nov 78 (56,5) 403 Oct 97 (94,4) 90 Pigott, Nathaniel ( -1804) Nov 78 (56,5) 403 Pikelner, Solomon Borisovich (1921-1975) age 54 Feb 76 (51,2) 98 Pingre, Alexandre Guy (1711-1796) Dec 62 (24,6) 321 Mar 75 (49,3) 154 Pitman, John H. (1890-1952) age 62 Nov 52 (12,1) 8 Place, Francis (1647-1728) Sep 75 (50,3) 157 Planck, Max May 50 (9,7) 169 Plaskett, H. H. (1894-1980) age 86 Jul 80 (60,1) 11 Plaskett, J. S. (1865-1941) Nov 41 (1,1) 12 Poe, Edgar Allan (1809-1849) Dec 01 (102,6) 48 Pogson, Norman (1829-1891) Apr 79 (57,4) 342 see Wrottesley Jul 80 (60,1) 21 Nov 92 (84,5) 496 Poincare, Henri (1854-1912) Mar 58 (17,5) 226 Feb 59 (18,4) 199 Aug 61 (22,2) 65 Pond, John (1767-1836) Oct 69 (38,4) 225 Jul 70 (40,1) 7 Pons, Jean-Louis (1761-1831) Sep 92 (84,3) 329 Porter, Russell Williams (1871-1949) Apr 49 (8,6) 143 Nov 76 (52,5) 367 Mar 77 (53,3) 216 Feb 91 (81,2) 140 Postoev, Aleksandr I. (1900-1977) Oct 89 (78,4) 357 pic Potter, Harry, see Rowling Prager, Richard (1883-1945) Sep 45 (4,11) 2 Pritchett, Carr W. Nov 75 (50,5) 296 Przybylski, Antoni (1913-1985) Aug 04 (108,2) 50, 53 Ptolemy, Claudius Apr 43 (2,6) 15 May 43 (2,7) 8 Jun 43 (2,8) 5 Feb 76 (51,2) 117 critique of Almagest Dec 77 (54,6) 519 The Crime of Claudius Ptolemy Quarterly Journal RAS 1980 (21,3-4) 253,388 Jul 83 (66,1) 11 May 84 (67,5) 421 Jul 95 (90,1) 8 Feb 02 (103,2) 39 Jan 03 (105,1) 51 Puckett, Tim Oct 04 (108,4) 115 Pulfrich, C. (1858-1927) Apr 68 (35,4) 215 Putnam, Roger Lowell (1894-1972) age 78 Jan 73 (45,1) 23 Lowell Observatory

R

Rabe, Eugene Karl (1913-1974) age 61 Sep 74 (48,3) 157 Ramsden, Jesse (1735-1800) May 47 (6,7) 16 Rao, U. R. (conversation with) Oct 85 (70,4) 321 Reber, Grote (1911-2002) Jul 88 (76,1) 28, 31 PASP, Aug 2004, vol. 116, 703 (excellent biog. article) Rees, Martin J. Aug 83 (66,2) 107 interview Regiomontanus [Johann Muller] (1436-1476) Aug 76 (52,2) 91 Jan 71 (41,1) 38 Apr 92 (83,4) 407 Reinmuth, Karl (1892-1979) Sep 79 (58,3) 232 Renee de France, Duchess de Ferrare (1510-1575) Nov 54 (14,1) 8 van Rhijn, Pieter (1886-1960) age 74 Aug 60 (20,2) 74 May 65 (29,5) 283 Riccioli, Giambattista (1598-1671) Jul 04 (108,1) 72 Richer, Jean (1630-1696) Aug 66 (32,2) 79 Righini, Guglielmo (1909-1979) age 70 Mar 79 (57,3) 249 Ringrose, Basil ( -1686) astr. pirate Aug 69 (38,2) 75 Ristenpart, F. W. ([1868]-1913) Aug 57 (16,10) 477 Ritchey, George Willis (1864-1945) Mar 46 (5,5) 11 Jan 76 (51,1) 14 Feb 91 (81,2) 156 Jan 93 (85,1) 98 Sep 93 (86,3) 54 Jul 95 (90,1) 87 Rittenhouse, David (1732-1796) Jan 62 (23,1) 44 Nov 86 (72,5) 463 May 95 (89,5) 38 Feb 04 (107,2) 54 Roberts, Dorothea Klumpke (1861-1942) Mar 43 (2,5) 9 Mercury Sep-Oct 81 (10,5) 139 Aug 86 (72,2) 109 Dec 87 (74,6) 598 Roberts, Isaac (1829-1904) Dec 87 (74,6) 595 Roberts, Walter Orr (1915-1990) Jul 90 (80,1) 13 Mar 92 (83,3) 289 Robinson, Leif J. (1939- ) May 02 (103,5) 73 Romer, Olaus (1644-1710) Jan 43 (2,3) 19 Mar 44 (3,5) 7 May 66 (31,5) 278 Nov 72 (44,5) 300 Jun 83 (65,6) 488 Roscoe, Henry Enfield Jul 81 (62,1) 13 Rosen, Edward (1906-1985) Mar 87 (73,3) 281 Ross, Frank E. ( -1960) Sep 65 (30,3) 138 [could be Frank Elmore Ross, 1874-1966?] Rossiter, Richard Alfred ([1886]-1977) Jul 77 (54,1) 26 Rowling, J. K. Dec 03 (106,6) 12 Royal Greenwich Observatory, see Greenwich Observatory Roy, Sharat Kumar (1898-1962) age 64 Jul 62 (24,1) 16 Rufus, W. Carl (1875-1946) age 71 Nov 46 (6,1) 10 Russell, Henry Norris (1877-1957) Apr 57 (16,6) cover, 260 May 71 (41,5) 279 Jun 71 (41,6) 353 Apr 78 (55,4) 306 May 78 (55,5) 398 Feb 82 (63,2) 125 Jul 82 (64,1) 36 Dec 82 (64,6) 526 Apr 01 (101,4) 70 Rutherfurd, Lewis Morris (1816-1892) Applied Optics, July 1976 Feb 79 (57,2) 141 Sep 84 (68,3) 214 Apr 04 (107,4) 39 Ryle, Martin (1918-1984) Feb 85 (69,2) 123

S

de la Sabliere, [Madame] (1636-1694) Nov 54 (14,1) 8 Safarik, Vojtech (1829-1902) Feb 70 (39,2) 87 Safford, Truman Henry (1836-1901) calculating whiz Feb 62 (23,3) 68 Nov 76 (52,5) 346 James R. Newmann, The World of Mathematics, vol. I, p. 477 ff. Nov 77 (54,5) 365 Sagan, Carl (1934-1996) Mar 97 (93,3) 6 Feb 98 (95,2) 61 Jun 99 (97,6) 60 Sagdeev, Roald Sep 84 (68,3) 221 interview Dec 94 (88,6) 54 Saha, Meghnad (1894-1956) May 56 (15,7) 307 Salpeter, Edwin E. (1924- ) Nov 84 (68,5) 416 Sanford, John [b. 1938] May 99 (97,5) 91 Sanford, Roscoe F. (1883-1958) Jun 58 (17,8) 406 Scaliger, Joseph Justus Apr 81 (61,4) 311 Feb 85 (69,2) 119-120 Scanlon, Leo J. (1903-1999), built first aluminum dome Mar 00 (99,3) 92 Scheiner, Christopher (1575-1650) Feb 69 (37,2) 82 Dec 71 (42,6) 344 Schiaparelli, Giovanni Virginio Jun 00 (99,6) 109 Mar 04 (107,4) 114 Schlesinger, Frank (1871-1943) Sep 43 (2,11) 8 Feb 55 (14,4) 132 Oct 55 (14,12) 495 pic Schmidt, Bernard Voldemar (1879-1935) Nov 55 (15,1) 4 Feb 01 (101,2) 16 pic Nov 03 (106,5) 80 Schmidt, Brian Sep 98 (96,3) 42 Schmidt, J. F. Julius (1825-1884) Apr 58 (17,6) 290 Oct 63 (26,4) 204 Mar 77 (53,3) 173 Schneller, Heribert (1901-1967) age 66 Jun 67 (33,6) 355 Schombert, John L. (1922-1979) age 57 Jul 79 (58,1) 12 Schonfeld, Eduard (1828-1891) [Schoenfeld] Apr 80 (59,4) 302 Schroter, J. H. (1745-1816) [Schroeter] Feb 55 (14,4) 140 Feb 57 (16,4) 167 Feb 65 (29,2) 92 Oct 68 (36,4) 230 Jul 96 (92,1) 98-100 Schwartz, Michael Oct 04 (108,4) 115 Schwarzschild, Martin (1912-1997) Aug 44 (3,10) 5 Sep 97 (94,3) 24 Scott, Francis P. (1906-1974) age 68 Jan 75 (49,1) 18 Seares, Frederick Hanley (1873-1964) Sep 64 (28,3) 123 Secchi, [Pietro] Angelo [1818-1878] Sep 00 (100,3) 40 See, Thomas Jefferson Jackson (1866-1962) Oct 62 (24,4) 193 Mar 81 (61,3) 249 von Seeliger, Hugo (1849-1924) Aug 61 (22,2) 66 Selivanov, Sergei M. (1890- ? ) Oct 89 (78,4) 355 Semenov, Fedor (1794-1860) Sep 01 (102,3) 68 Serviss, Garrett P. ([1851]-1929) Jan 75 (49,1) 17 Sewall, Samuel (1652-1730) Jun 79 (57,6) 545 Seyfert, Carl K. (1911-1960) Aug 60 (20,2) 76 Shajn, G. A. (1892-1956) Apr 58 (17,6) 272 Oct 89 (78,4) 356 Shakespeare, William (1564-1616) Jun 02 (103,6) 75 Shane, Charles Donald (1895-1983) Aug 83 (66,2) 115 Physics Today, Feb 84, p. 80 Shane, Mary Lea [Heger] (1897-1983) Physics Today, Feb 84, p. 80 Shapley, Harlow (1885-1972) Dec 41 (1,2) 12 May 59 (19,7) 398 Nov 65 (30,5) 263 Dec 72 (44,6) 354 Feb 82 (63,2) 125 Jan 83 (65,1) 28 Dec 85 (70,6) 540 Feb 94 (87,2) 42 Jan 00 (99,1) 52 Shcheglov, Vladimir P. (1904-1985) Oct 89 (78,4) 355 Sheepshanks, Richard, Rev. (1794-1855) Dec 85 (70,6) 526 Apr 95 (89,4) 27 Shiffler, Thomas H. (1947-1990) Nov 91 (82,5) 551 Shklovsky, Josif Samuilovich (1916-1985) Aug 85 (70,2) 109 Shoemaker, Caroline (1929- ) Jun 91 (81,6) 658 Nov 02 (104,5) 62 Shoemaker, Eugene (1928-1997) Oct 97 (94,4) 17 Nov 97 (94,5) 48 Jul 98 (96,1) 84 ashes to the moon Nov 02 (104,5) 62 Simmons, John J., Jr. (1940-1995) Sep 95 (90,3) 15 SIRTF, see Spitzer Space Telescope Skillman, David May 93 (85,5) 83 Slipher, Earl C. (1883-1964) Oct 64 (28,4) 208 May 71 (41,5) 279 asteroid Slipher Jun 03 (105,6) 32 Slipher, Vesto Melvin (1875-1969) Jan 70 (39,1) 8 Feb 70 (39,2) 84 May 71 (41,5) 279 asteroid Slipher Sep 86 (72,3) 227 Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) Feb 03 (105,2) 36 Feb 04 (107,2) 20 Slonimski, Hayyim Selig ( -1904) Sep 94 (88,3) 93 Smart, W. M. (1889-1975) age 86 Dec 75 (50,6) 380 Smiley, Charles (1904-1977) age 73 Sep 77 (54,3) 191 Smith, Harlan J. [1924-1991] Dec 88 (76,6) 607 Smith, William (1818-1912) Dec 96 (92,6) 99 Smyth, Charles Piazzi (1819-1900) Jan 80 (59,1) 4 Sep 81 (62,3) 199 Jan 82 (63,1) 29 Jun 86 (71,6) 577 Aug 89 (78,2) 158 Smyth, William Henry (1788-1865) Apr 55 (14,6) 235 Jun 74 (47,6) 418 Apr 79 (57,4) 342 see Wrottesley Jan 82 (63,1) 27 Soldner, Johann Georg (1776-1833) relativity Jun 78 (55,6) 460 Somerville, Mary (1780-1872) Nov 54 (14,1) 9 Feb 87 (73,2) 138 Sonntag, August (d. 1861) Nov 74 (48,5) 283 astr.-explorer South, James (1785-1867) Dec 85 (70,6) 525 Apr 95 (89,4) 26 Southern African Large Telescope (SALT) Sep 98 (96,3) 28 Feb 02 (103,2) 33 Space Telescope, see Hubble Space Telescope Spencer Jones, Harold (1890-1960) Feb 61 (21,2) 76 Spergel, David N. Mar 04 (107,3) 46 Spitz, Armand N. (1904-1971) Jun 71 (41,6) 354 Spitzer, Lyman, Jr. (1914-1997) Jul 97 (94,1) 22 Apr 04 (107,4) 33 Spitzer Space Telescope (formerly SIRTF) Feb 03 (105,2) 42 Nov 03 (106,5) 28 Mar 04 (107,3) 18 Stanhope, Philip, Earl of Chesterfield (1694-1773) Sep 52 (11,11) 268 Gregorian calendar Stearns, Carl L. (1892-1972) age 80 Jan 73 (45,1) 23 Steavenson, William Herbert (1894-1975) age 81 Dec 75 (50,6) 381 Stebbins, Joel (1878-1966) May 66 (31,5) 268 Feb 76 (51,2) 93 May 92 (83,3) 496 Stefanik, General Milan (1880-1919) Feb 59 (18,4) 199 Stein, Father John W., S. J. (1871-1951) Mar 52 (11,5) 112 Steinheil, Carl August von (1801-1870) Jul 75 (50,1) 26 Stetson, Harlan True (1885-1964) age 79 Dec 64 (28,6) 340 Stewart, John Quincy (1896-1973) age 77 May 72 (43,5) 284 Stoddard, Laurence (1910-1966) age 56 Feb 67 (33,2) 95 Stokley, James (1900-1989) Nov 91 (82,5) 551 Stone, Remington P. S. Jun 04 (107,6) 31 Storer, Arthur May 86 (71,5) 471 friend of Newton Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Feb 99 (97,2) 47 Stratton, F[rederick] J[ohn] M[arrion] (188[1]-1960) Mar 61 (21,3) 144 Stromgren, Bengt (1908-1987) [Stroemgren] JHA 03 (34,2) 171 ff. Stromgren, Svante Elis (1870-1947) [Stroemgren] Oct 47 (6,12) 6 Jun 83 (65,6) 489 JHA 03 (34,2) 171-172 Struve, Hermann Apr 89 (77,4) 381 Struve, Otto (I) (1819-1905) Aug 64 (28,2) 72 Mar 80 (59,3) 200-201 Apr 89 (77,4) 380 Struve, Otto (1897-1963) Nov 59 (19,1) 7 May 63 (25,5) 247 Jun 63 (25,6) cover, 308 Aug 66 (32,2) 68 Oct 70 (40,4) 209 Feb 76 (51,2) 94 Oct 84 (68,4) 312 asteroid 2227 Struve Apr 88 (75,4) 379 Sep 88 (76,3) 229-30 Apr 89 (77,4) 380 Biogr. Mem. National Acad. Scis. 61, 1992, 350-87 Jul 97 (94,1) 67 Osterbrock book Struve, [Friedrich Georg] Wilhelm (1793-1864) Feb 42 (1,4) cover Dec 56 (16,2) 69 Feb 59 (18,4) 198 stamp Aug 61 (22,2) 75 Jul 62 (24,1) 12 Jun 63 (25,6) 326 Jan 71 (41,1) 22 pic Apr 89 (77,4) 380 Nov 01 (102,5) 45 Subaru Telescope Sep 97 (94,3) 18 May 99 (97,5) 18 Aug 00 (100,2) 41 al-Sufi, Abd Al-Rahman (903-986) Jan 03 (105,1) 55 Surovtsev, V. E. (1890-1938) Oct 89 (78,4) 355 Swann, William F. G. (1885-1962) age 77 Mar 62 (23,3) 139 Swasey, Ambrose (1846-1937) Feb 43 (2,4) 3 Apr 84 (67,4) 309 Swezey, Goodwin DeLoss (~1851-1933) May 96 (91,5) 77 Swift, Lewis (1820-1913) Jun 72 (43,6) 364 Nov 03 (106,5) 115 Swings, Pol (1906-1983) Apr 84 (67,4) 325 Swope, Henrietta (1902-1980) age 78 Jan 81 (61,1) 21

T

Tebbutt, John (1834-1916) Oct 72 (44,4) 236 Apr 73 (45,4) 219 Jan 80 (59,1) 14 Oct 84 (68,4) 292 Feb 85 (69,2) 160 [Frederick] Temple Observatory May 85 (69,5) 450 Terao, Hisashi (late 19th cent.) Jun 88 (75,6) 590 founded Tokyo Astr. Obs. Tereshkova, Valentina V. ([1937]- ) Jun 03 (105,6) 80 Thackeray, Andrew David ([1910]-1978) May 78 (55,5) 371 Thompson, Allyn J. (1901-1955) Aug 55 (14,10) 411 Thomson, Elihu Apr 44 (3,6) 14 Thomson, J. J. (Lord Rayleigh) Oct 43 (2,12) 16 Tinsley, Beatrice M. (1941-1981) Jul 83 (66,1) 5 Physics Today, Sep 81 (34,9) 110 Sep 87 (74,3) 261 Oct 98 (96,4) 51 Tirion, Wil (1943- ) Oct 98 (96,4) 82 Tisserand, Felix (1845-1896) Feb 80 (59,2) 107 Todd, David Peck (1855-1939) May 04 (107,5) 37 Tokyo Astronomical Observatory Jun 88 (75,6) 590 Tombaugh, Clyde W. (1906-1997) Jun 80 (59,6) 453 Jan 87 (73,1) 88 Dec 89 (78,6) 596 Apr 91 (81,4) 360 and 423 May 96 (91,6) 84 Apr 97 (93,4) 65, 102 Aug 01 (102,2) 88 Feb 04 (107,2) 83-84 Traslavina, Luis May 04 (107,5) 93 Mamalluca Obs. Troughton, Edward (1753-1835) Jul 70 (40,1) 7 Trouvelot, Leopold (1827-1895) Dec 86 (72,6) 566 Trumpler, Robert J. (1886-1956) Nov 56 (16,1) 13 Sep 65 (30,3) 138 Sep 85 (70,3) 213 Tsiolkovsky, Konstantin Eduardovich (1857-1935) Apr 88 (75,4) 359 Tucker, Richard H. (1859-1952) Sep 87 (74,3) 244 Tucker, Roy (1951- ) Mar 99 (97,3) 76 al-Tusi, Nasir Al-Din (1201-1274) Jan 03 (105,1) 55 Tuthill, Roger (1919-2000) Dec 99 (98,6) 88 Mar 01 (101,3) 81 Tyson, Neil de Grasse Nov 04 (108,5) 105

U

Uitterdyk, J. ( -1945?) Feb 46 (5,4) 7 Japanese POW Ulugh Beg (1394-1449) Dec 68 (36,6) 371 May 79 (57,5) 479 Jun 86 (71,6) 542 Nov 95 (90,5) 38 United States Naval Observatory Dec 80 (60,6) 466 Feb 85 (69,2) 131 Urey, Harold Clayton (1893-1981) May 81 (61,5) 397 Ursus, see Baer Ussher, James (1581-1656) Nov 81 (62,5) 404

V

Vaisala, Yrjo (1891-1971) Nov 71 (42,5) 273 Jan 72 (43,1) 3 Feb 78 (55,2) 101 Dec 84 (68,6) 504 Van Arsdale, Robert (1807-1873) Aug 79 (58,2) 135 Van Biesbroeck, George (1880-1974) Aug 45 (4,10) 9 Apr 74 (47,4) 215 Jun 74 (47,6) 370 Mar 99 (97,3) 81 van de Hulst, Hendrik Feb 85 (69,2) 121 van den Bos, Willem Hendrik (1896-1974) Jul 74 (48,1) 24 van der Bilt, Jan (1876-1962) age 86 Dec 62 (24,6) 335 van Gogh, Vincent [1853-1890] Oct 88 (76,4) [ ] Apr 01 (101,4) 34 Jul 03 (106,1) 54 Vatican Observatory May 00 (99,5) 85 de Vaucouleurs, Antoinette (1921-1987) Dec 87 (74,6) 598 de Vaucouleurs, Gerard (1918-1995) Feb 96 (91,2) 16 Mar 04 (107,3) 132 Vega, Jurij (1754-1802) [Georg von Vega] Nov 94 (88,5) 94 Vehrenberg, Hans (1910-1991) Mar 92 (83,3) 247 Velazquez de Leon, Joaquin (1732-1786) Sep 80 (60,3) 202 Vening Meinesz, Felix A. (1887-1966) age 79 Oct 66 (32,4) 198 Very Large Telescope (VLT) Sep 97 (94,3) 18 Aug 98 (96,2) 56 Nov 98 (96,5) 46 Aug 00 (100,2) 36 Feb 02 (103,2) 37, 67 Mar 02 (103,3) 16 Oct 02 (104,4) 26 UK joins ESO Very Long Baseline Array (VLBA) Dec 99 (98,6) 36 Vespucci, Amerigo Mar 45 (4,5) 16 Vidal, Jacques (1747-1819) Oct 54 (13,12) 414 Vogel, Eduard (1829-1856) Oct 70 (40,4) 213 Vogel, Hermann Carl (1841-1907) Jan 79 (57,1) 5 Voronov, Nikolai M. Oct 89 (78,4) 353 Vyssotsky, Alexander N. (1888-1973) Mar 74 (47,3) 166

W

Waddell, John Henry III (1928-1966) age 38 Jan 67 (33,1) 31 Wagman, Nicholas E. (1905-1980) age 75 Nov 80 (60,5) 362 Waltemath, G. Oct 64 (28,4) 218 Walther, Bernard [1430-1504] Aug 85 (70,2) 110 Ward, J. T. (1861-1927) Jul 71 (42,1) 19 Warner, Worcester Apr 84 (67,4) 309 Warner & Swasey Waterfield, Reginald Lawson (1900-1986) Sep 86 (72,3) 314 Watts, Chester Burleigh (1889-1971) Feb 64 (27,2) 94 Sep 71 (42,3) 131 Weber, Joseph (1919-2000) Bull. Amer. Astr. Soc. 2000 (32,4) 1691 Sep 01 (102,3) 59 Webb, James (d. 1982) NASA administrator Dec 02 (104,6) 27 NGST named after him Oct 04 (108,4) 27 JWST Webb, Rev. Thomas William (1807-1885) [b. 1806?] Aug 63 (26,2) 95 Jan 74 (47,1) 26 Weinek, Ladislav (1848-1918) [d. 1913?] Oct 65 (30,4) 202 West, Benjamin Apr 43 (2,6) 3 1769 Venus transit Whipple, Fred L. (1906-2004) Aug 82 (64,2) 130 May 86 (71,5) 438 Jan 02 (103,1) 89 Dec 04 (108,6) 130 Whipple, John Adams [1823-1891] Jul 50 (9,9) 207 Sep 50 (9,11) 269 1st photog. of a star Apr 04 (107,4) 38 Whitman, Walt Aug 03 (106,2) 102 Whitmell, Charles T. (1849-1919) Aug 71 (42,2) 78 Whittaker, Sir Edmund [1873-1956] Sep 56 (15,11) 484 Wickramasinghe, N. Chandra Sep 99 (98,3) 34 van Wijk, Uco (1924-1966) age 42 Oct 66 (32,4) 198 Wildt, Rupert (1905-1976) Mar 76 (51,3) 156 Wilkins, H. Percy (1898-1960) [b. 1896?] Mar 60 (19,5) 280 Willcox, Kenneth W. (1943-1999) Jun 99 (97,6) 98 William, Kenneth P. (1887-1958) May 71 (41,5) 279 Williams, Arthur Stanley (1861-1938) Dec 98 (96,6) 114 Williams, Robert Jul 04 (108,1) 43 Williamson, Isabel K. Nov 00 (100,5) 88 Wilson, Charles T. R. (1869-1959) Mar 88 (75,3) 267 Wilson, Ralph Elmer ([1886]-1960) May 65 (29,5) 283 Wilson, William Edward (1851-1908) Feb 77 (53,2) 108 Witte, Minna (b. 1777) Nov 54 (14,1) 8 married Madler Wolf, Max (1863-1932) Dec 57 (17,2) [74] Aug 61 (22,2) 66 Feb 91 (81,2) 155 Wood, R. W. (1868-1955) age 87 Nov 55 (15,1) 13 Woolard, Edgar W. (1899-1978) age 79 Aug 78 (56,2) 109 Worley, Charles (1935-1997) May 98 (95,5) 25 Wren, Christopher Apr 44 (3,6) 6 Wright, Frances Woodworth (1897-1989) Nov 89 (78,5) 460 Wright, Thomas (1711-1786) Jul 63 (26,1) 41 Nov 71 (42,5) 297 Jan 99 (97,1) 56 Wright, William Hammond (1871-1959) Jul 59 (18,9) 500 Jan 76 (51,1) 11 Wrottesley, Lord John (1798-1867) Apr 79 (57,4) 342 Jul 79 (58,1) 16 Wrubel, Marshal H. (1924-1968) Dec 68 (36,6) 375 May 71 (41,5) 279 Wyatt, Stanley P. (1921-1980) Mar 81 (61,3) 198

Y

Yamamoto, Issei ( -1959) Mar 59 (18,5) 264 Yashnov, Pyotr I. (1874-1940) Oct 89 (78,4) 354 Yerkes, Charles T. [1837-1905] Sep 95 (90,3) 26 Yowell, Everett I. (1870-1959) age 89 May 59 (18,7) 369

Z

von Zach, Franz Xaver (1754-1832) Mar 88 (75,3) 271 Zambrana, Marlon Jan 04 (107,1) 80 Zeeman, Pieter (1865-1943) Dec 43 (3,2) 9 Zel'dovich, Yakov Borisovich (1914-1987) Oct 88 (76,4) 354 Zhang Heng (78-139 A.D.) Oct 78 (56,4) 285 constr. armillary spheres, etc. Zhou, Xingming (1965-2004) Dec 04 (108,6) 131 Zinner, Ernst (1886-1970) Apr 71 (41,4) 199 May 80 (59,5) 389 Zollner, Johann Karl Friedrich Nov 92 (84,5) 498 Zwicky, Fritz (1898-1974) Apr 74 (47,4) 215 May 74 (47,5) 311 Aug 92 (84,2) 166 Mar 03 (105,3) 74 Jul 03 (106,1) 16 Nov 03 (106,5) 12

Appendix: "Astronomical Scrapbook" Column Titles

Aug 54  The satellite of Venus
Oct 54  Astronomical murders and misadventures
Dec 54  The faintest stars visible

Feb 55 Schroeter's observations of Mars Apr 55 The Sadler-Smyth scandal Jun 55 Other satellites of the Earth Aug 55 The shadow of an astronomer [Anglo-Saxon Chronicles] Oct 55 The comets of the Chevalier d'Angos Dec 55 Lohrmann's atlas of the Moon

Feb 56 The case of the lost trans-Neptunian planet Apr 56 Mars at its nearest Jun 56 Barnard's "unexplained observations" Aug 56 Surveying the Moon Oct 56 Notes on comet hunting Dec 56 John Bevis and an occultation of Mercury by Venus

Feb 57 Two unusual occultations observed in 1797 and 1798 Apr 57 The field of Mizar and Alcor Jun 57 Roger Boscovich and the Moon's atmosphere Aug 57 A South American tragedy [Ristenpart] Oct 57 The problem of visual observations of Venus Dec 57 Naming some minor planets

Feb 58 Navigators of the old Pacific [Cook] Apr 58 Julius Schmidt and the Moon Jun 58 The brothers Henry Aug 58 The great Paris telescope Oct 58 The Selenographical Journal Dec 58 Astronomy in Greenland

Feb 59 Names on the Moon Apr 59 Some comet finds Jun 59 The S Fornacis puzzle Aug 59 Some Huygens telescopes Oct 59 Lassell's 4-foot telescope Dec 59 A Plato illusion [on the Moon]

Feb 60 The Trapezium in Orion Apr 60 Visual star colors and a list of red stars Jun 60 William Herschel and the Sun Aug 60 Linne in fact and legend Oct 60 Some thoughts on twilight Dec 60 Richard Carrington and a "singular appearance" on the Sun

Feb 61 J. N. Krieger: The Moon half-won Apr 61 The reputation of Father Hell Jun 61 Algol and scientific conservatism Aug 61 Beginnings of the space age Oct 61 The companion of Rigel Dec 61 The great September comet of 1882

Feb 62 Shadows of the Blocksberg [Kmeth, Pasquich] Apr 62 The lost legacy of Dr. Peate Aug 62 Where and when - without instruments Oct 62 The sage of Mare Island [T. J. J. See] Dec 62 A. G. Pingre and his annals

Feb 63 The double stars of Christian Mayer Apr 63 Harvester of the skies [W. R. Brooks] Jun 63 The crucial years of Wilhelm Struve Aug 63 "Not observed or existing" [Baily] Oct 63 The visual Milky Way Dec 63 W. H. Pickering and the satellites of Jupiter

Feb 64 C. B. Watts and the marginal zone of the Moon Apr 64 Darkness at noon Jun 64 The Airy regime at Greenwich Aug 64 Companion of Procyon: some preliminary reports Oct 64 The many moons of Dr. Waltemath Dec 64 Coleridge's "Star within the Moon"

Feb 65 The long night of selenography Apr 65 The inventiveness of Henry Parkhurst Jun 65 Tycho Brahe's nose Aug 65 The Earth's shape Oct 65 The Fauth moon atlas Dec 65 The long career of J. G. Galle

Feb 66 The Pulkovo double stars and J. H. Madler Apr 66 Roger Bacon and the Voynich manuscript Jun 66 Father Perry's expedition to Kerguelen Island Aug 66 Jean Richer and a possible nova of 1673 Oct 66 Some invisible astronomers Dec 66 Review of a yet-unwritten Moon book

Feb 67 The cosmic vision of Robert Burton Apr 67 Roger Barry and the Mannheim Observatory Jun 67 A harem of telescopes Aug 67 A few notes about Earthshine Oct 67 What is the shape of the Sun? Dec 67 Hertzsprung's enigmatic object

Feb 68 The nucleus of the Andromeda Nebula Apr 68 C. Pulfrich and a short footnote to lunar history Jun 68 Spiral structure in galaxies [Lord Rosse] Aug 68 The gradual recognition of helium Oct 68 Schroeter and the rings of Saturn Dec 68 The star atlas of Hevelius [see also Apr 72]

Feb 69 The Clarks and some of their refractors Apr 69 Some questionable comets Jun 69 John Herschel's expedition to South Africa Aug 69 An astronomical pirate [Basil Ringrose] Oct 69 John Pond: Sixth Astronomer Royal Dec 69 James Nasmyth's telescopes and his observations

Feb 70 The field of Arcturus [Vojtech Safarik] Apr 70 How S. W. Burnham became an astronomer Jun 70 S. W. Burnham's Lick and Yerkes years Aug 70 Edmond Halley at St. Helena Oct 70 Eduard Vogel and his travels Dec 70 The story of a lost planet: 155 Scylla

Feb 71 Some glimpses of early American astronomy Apr 71 An episode in early American astronomy: the Weston meteorite [Bowditch] Jun 71 W. W. Campbell and a puzzling object Aug 71 Some very thin lunar crescents Oct 71 J. G. Hagen and his cosmic clouds Dec 71 Christopher Scheiner's observations of an object near Jupiter

Feb 72 More about the visibility of the lunar crescent Apr 72 Hevelius and his star catalogue [see also Dec 68] Jun 72 Lewis Swift and the Lowe Observatory Aug 72 About some early eclipse observations Oct 72 John Tebbutt, his observatory, and a probable nova Dec 72 E. P. Mason and the nebulae

Feb 73 The adventures of C. H. F. Peters - I Mar 73 The adventures of C. H. F. Peters - II May 73 Johann Bayer and his stellar nomenclature Jul 73 The eagle eye of W. R. Dawes Sep 73 Navigation near the north pole Nov 73 Some bunchings of planets

Jan 74 Something about a Connecticut amateur [Webb] Mar 74 How far away are the stars? May 74 The story of Groombridge 1830 Jul 74 A hole in the sky [Herschel] Sep 74 About a star observed by Olbers Nov 74 About an astronomer-explorer [Sonntag]

Jan 75 Garrett P. Serviss and some Brooklyn amateurs Mar 75 The myth of a supernova in 1664 May 75 The file on an "ordinary" star: GC 21827 Jul 75 Leon Foucault's heritage to telescope making Sep 75 Old Greenwich Observatory and Flamsteed's well Nov 75 The visual Orion Nebula [Holden]

Jan 76 Otto Struve 21 and some other double stars Mar 76 American's last king and his observatory May 76 Capella as a close visual binary Jul 76 An almanac for July 1776 Sep 76 C. D. Perrine and Jupiter's sixth satellite Nov 76 Computers: electronic and human [see also Nov 77]

Jan 77 Some naked eye observations of Venus Mar 77 Julius Schmidt and his book about lunar eclipses May 77 About an astronomical woodcut [Flammarion] Jul 77 Asaph Hall finds the moons of Mars Sep 77 Herschel's "large 20-foot" telescope Nov 77 Johann Dase and some other mental calculators [see also Nov 76]

Jan 78 The four lives of a 60-inch reflector Mar 78 A solar eclipse expedition in 1883 May 78 300 years of satellite eclipses Jun 78 R. T. A. Innes and Jupiter's satellites Aug 78 An elusive asteroid: 719 Albert Oct 78 Augustus de Morgan's "Budget of Paradoxes" Dec 78 The curious career of Leo Brenner

Feb 79 The star photographs of Lewis M. Rutherfurd Apr 79 Some British astronomers of the Golden Age Jun 79 The diary of an early American amateur [Sewall] Aug 79 The story of the Bond zones Oct 79 The next transit of Venus Dec 79 E. E. Barnard and the globular clusters

Feb 80 An Arizona artist [Fred Duncan] and an Anglo-Saxon monk [Bede] Apr 80 How the BD was made [Argelander] May 80 The missing BD stars Jul 80 Three problematical stars Sep 80 A Mexican amateur in Baja California [Velazquez de Leon] {Ashbrook's last column} Nov 80 The first photograph of a nebula [Draper]

Jan 81 Early textbooks with moving parts Mar 81 Atget's eclipse watchers May 81 Great conjunctions, Tycho, and Shakespeare Jul 81 Unlocking the chemical secrets of the cosmos Oct 81 18th century eclipse paths Dec 81 Piccolomini's star atlas

Apr 82 An astrolabe from Lahore May 82 Fake astrolabes Jul 82 A search for Russell's original diagram Aug 82 Dreyer and Tycho's world system Sep 82 The great comet and the "Carte" Dec 82 Notes on the Gregorian calendar reform

Feb 83 The great comet that never came May 83 Ancient Egyptian sky magic Jul 83 Ptolemy and the maverick motion of Mercury Sep 83 How astronomers finally captured Mercury Nov 83 From Aristarchus to Copernicus

Mar 84 The origin of the zodiac May 84 Some puzzles of Ptolemy's star catalogue Jul 84 The discovery of the Milky Way's spiral arms Oct 84 Herschel's 1784 autobiography Dec 84 Galileo and the phases of Venus

Mar 85 The astronomy of Alfonso the Wise May 85 Ptolemaic astronomy for an emperor's eyes Sep 85 Robert Trumpler and the dustiness of space


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